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Every Legal 4-Letter Word In Scrabble

2020.08.13 22:21 OB8O Every Legal 4-Letter Word In Scrabble

AAHS AALS ABAC ABAS ABBA ABBE ABBS ABED ABET ABID ABLE ABLY ABOS ABRI ABUT ABYE ABYS ACAI ACCA ACED ACER ACES ACHE ACHY ACID ACME ACNE ACRE ACTA ACTS ACYL ADAW ADDS ADDY ADIT ADOS ADRY ADZE AEON AERO AERY AESC AFAR AFFY AFRO AGAR AGAS AGED AGEE AGEN AGER AGES AGHA AGIN AGIO AGLU AGLY AGMA AGOG AGON AGUE AHED AHEM AHIS AHOY AIAS AIDA AIDE AIDS AIGA AILS AIMS AINE AINS AIRN AIRS AIRT AIRY AITS AITU AJAR AJEE AKAS AKED AKEE AKES AKIN ALAE ALAN ALAP ALAR ALAS ALAY ALBA ALBE ALBS ALCO ALEC ALEE ALEF ALES ALEW ALFA ALFS ALGA ALIF ALIT ALKO ALKY ALLS ALLY ALMA ALME ALMS ALOD ALOE ALOO ALOW ALPS ALSO ALTO ALTS ALUM ALUS AMAH AMAS AMBO AMEN AMES AMIA AMID AMIE AMIN AMIR AMIS AMLA AMMO AMOK AMPS AMUS AMYL ANAL ANAN ANAS ANCE ANDS ANES ANEW ANGA ANIL ANIS ANKH ANNA ANNO ANNS ANOA ANON ANOW ANSA ANTA ANTE ANTI ANTS ANUS APAY APED APER APES APEX APOD APOS APPS APSE APSO APTS AQUA ARAK ARAR ARBA ARBS ARCH ARCO ARCS ARDS AREA ARED AREG ARES ARET AREW ARFS ARGH ARIA ARID ARIL ARIS ARKS ARLE ARMS ARMY ARNA AROW ARPA ARSE ARSY ARTI ARTS ARTY ARUM ARVO ARYL ASAR ASCI ASEA ASHY ASKS ASPS ATAP ATES ATMA ATOC ATOK ATOM ATOP ATUA AUAS AUFS AUKS AULA AULD AUNE AUNT AURA AUTO AVAL AVAS AVEL AVER AVES AVID AVOS AVOW AWAY AWDL AWED AWEE AWES AWFY AWKS AWLS AWNS AWNY AWOL AWRY AXAL AXED AXEL AXES AXIL AXIS AXLE AXON AYAH AYES AYIN AYRE AYUS AZAN AZON AZYM
BAAL BAAS BABA BABE BABU BABY BACH BACK BACS BADE BADS BAEL BAFF BAFT BAGH BAGS BAHT BAHU BAIL BAIT BAJU BAKE BALD BALE BALK BALL BALM BALS BALU BAMS BANC BAND BANE BANG BANI BANK BANS BANT BAPS BAPU BARB BARD BARE BARF BARK BARM BARN BARP BARS BASE BASH BASK BASS BAST BATE BATH BATS BATT BAUD BAUK BAUR BAWD BAWL BAWN BAWR BAYE BAYS BAYT BEAD BEAK BEAM BEAN BEAR BEAT BEAU BECK BEDE BEDS BEDU BEEF BEEN BEEP BEER BEES BEET BEGO BEGS BEIN BELL BELS BELT BEMA BEND BENE BENI BENJ BENS BENT BERE BERG BERK BERM BEST BETA BETE BETH BETS BEVY BEYS BHAI BHAT BHEL BHUT BIAS BIBB BIBS BICE BIDE BIDI BIDS BIEN BIER BIFF BIGA BIGG BIGS BIKE BILE BILK BILL BIMA BIND BINE BING BINK BINS BINT BIOG BIOS BIRD BIRK BIRL BIRO BIRR BISE BISH BISK BIST BITE BITO BITS BITT BIZE BLAB BLAD BLAE BLAG BLAH BLAM BLAT BLAW BLAY BLEB BLED BLEE BLET BLEW BLEY BLIN BLIP BLIT BLOB BLOC BLOG BLOT BLOW BLUB BLUE BLUR BOAB BOAK BOAR BOAS BOAT BOBA BOBS BOCK BODE BODS BODY BOEP BOET BOFF BOGS BOGY BOHO BOHS BOIL BOIS BOKE BOKO BOKS BOLA BOLD BOLE BOLL BOLO BOLT BOMA BOMB BONA BOND BONE BONG BONK BONY BOOB BOOH BOOK BOOL BOOM BOON BOOR BOOS BOOT BOPS BORA BORD BORE BORK BORM BORN BORS BORT BOSH BOSK BOSS BOTA BOTE BOTH BOTS BOTT BOUK BOUN BOUT BOWL BOWR BOWS BOXY BOYF BOYG BOYO BOYS BOZO BRAD BRAE BRAG BRAK BRAN BRAS BRAT BRAW BRAY BRED BREE BREI BREN BRER BREW BREY BRIE BRIG BRIK BRIM BRIN BRIO BRIS BRIT BROD BROG BROO BROS BROW BRRR BRUS BRUT BRUX BUAT BUBA BUBO BUBS BUBU BUCK BUDA BUDI BUDO BUDS BUFF BUFO BUGS BUHL BUHR BUIK BUKE BULB BULK BULL BUMF BUMP BUMS BUNA BUND BUNG BUNK BUNN BUNS BUNT BUOY BURA BURB BURD BURG BURK BURL BURN BURP BURR BURS BURY BUSH BUSK BUSS BUST BUSY BUTE BUTS BUTT BUYS BUZZ BYDE BYES BYKE BYRE BYRL BYTE
CAAS CABA CABS CACA CACK CADE CADI CADS CAFE CAFF CAGE CAGS CAGY CAID CAIN CAKE CAKY CALF CALK CALL CALM CALO CALP CALX CAMA CAME CAMO CAMP CAMS CANE CANG CANN CANS CANT CANY CAPA CAPE CAPH CAPI CAPO CAPS CARB CARD CARE CARK CARL CARN CARP CARR CARS CART CASA CASE CASH CASK CAST CATE CATS CAUF CAUK CAUL CAUM CAUP CAVA CAVE CAVY CAWK CAWS CAYS CEAS CECA CEDE CEDI CEES CEIL CELL CELS CELT CENS CENT CEPE CEPS CERE CERO CERT CESS CETE CHAD CHAI CHAL CHAM CHAO CHAP CHAR CHAS CHAT CHAV CHAW CHAY CHEF CHER CHEW CHEZ CHIA CHIB CHIC CHID CHIK CHIN CHIP CHIS CHIT CHIV CHIZ CHOC CHOG CHON CHOP CHOU CHOW CHUB CHUG CHUM CHUR CHUT CIAO CIDE CIDS CIEL CIGS CILL CINE CION CIRE CIRL CIST CITE CITO CITS CITY CIVE CLAD CLAG CLAM CLAN CLAP CLAT CLAW CLAY CLEF CLEG CLEM CLEW CLIP CLIT CLOD CLOG CLON CLOP CLOT CLOU CLOW CLOY CLUB CLUE COAL COAT COAX COBB COBS COCA COCH COCK COCO CODA CODE CODS COED COFF COFT COGS COHO COIF COIL COIN COIR COIT COKE COKY COLA COLD COLE COLL COLS COLT COLY COMA COMB COME COMM COMP COMS COND CONE CONF CONI CONK CONN CONS CONY COOF COOK COOL COOM COON COOP COOS COOT COPE COPS COPY CORD CORE CORF CORK CORM CORN CORS CORY COSE COSH COSS COST COSY COTE COTH COTS COTT COUP COUR COVE COWK COWL COWP COWS COWY COXA COXY COYS COZE COZY CRAB CRAG CRAM CRAN CRAP CRAW CRAY CRED CREE CREM CREW CRIA CRIB CRIM CRIS CRIT CROC CROG CROP CROW CRUD CRUE CRUS CRUX CUBE CUBS CUDS CUED CUES CUFF CUIF CUIT CUKE CULL CULM CULT CUMS CUNT CUPS CURB CURD CURE CURF CURL CURN CURR CURS CURT CUSH CUSK CUSP CUSS CUTE CUTS CWMS CYAN CYMA CYME CYST CYTE CZAR
DAAL DABS DACE DACK DADA DADO DADS DAES DAFF DAFT DAGO DAGS DAHL DAHS DAIS DAKS DALE DALI DALS DALT DAME DAMN DAMP DAMS DANG DANK DANS DANT DAPS DARB DARE DARG DARI DARK DARN DART DASH DATA DATE DATO DAUB DAUD DAUR DAUT DAVY DAWD DAWK DAWN DAWS DAWT DAYS DAZE DEAD DEAF DEAL DEAN DEAR DEAW DEBE DEBS DEBT DECK DECO DEED DEEK DEEM DEEN DEEP DEER DEES DEET DEEV DEFI DEFO DEFT DEFY DEGS DEGU DEID DEIF DEIL DEKE DELE DELF DELI DELL DELO DELS DELT DEME DEMO DEMY DENE DENI DENS DENT DENY DERE DERM DERN DERO DERV DESI DESK DEUS DEVA DEVS DEWS DEWY DEXY DEYS DHAK DHAL DHOL DHOW DIAL DIBS DICE DICH DICK DICT DIDO DIDY DIEB DIED DIEL DIES DIET DIFF DIFS DIGS DIKA DIKE DILL DIME DIMP DIMS DINE DING DINK DINO DINS DINT DIOL DIPS DIPT DIRE DIRK DIRL DIRT DISA DISC DISH DISK DISS DITA DITE DITS DITT DITZ DIVA DIVE DIVI DIVO DIVS DIXI DIXY DIYA DJIN DOAB DOAT DOBS DOBY DOCK DOCO DOCS DODO DODS DOEK DOEN DOER DOES DOFF DOGE DOGS DOGY DOHS DOIT DOJO DOLE DOLL DOLS DOLT DOME DOMS DOMY DONA DONE DONG DONS DOOB DOOK DOOL DOOM DOON DOOR DOOS DOPA DOPE DOPS DOPY DORB DORE DORK DORM DORP DORR DORS DORT DORY DOSE DOSH DOSS DOST DOTE DOTH DOTS DOTY DOUC DOUK DOUM DOUN DOUP DOUR DOUT DOUX DOVE DOWD DOWF DOWL DOWN DOWP DOWS DOWT DOXY DOYS DOZE DOZY DRAB DRAC DRAD DRAG DRAM DRAP DRAT DRAW DRAY DREE DREG DREK DREW DREY DRIB DRIP DROP DROW DRUB DRUG DRUM DRYS DSOS DUAD DUAL DUAN DUAR DUBS DUCE DUCI DUCK DUCT DUDE DUDS DUED DUEL DUES DUET DUFF DUGS DUIT DUKA DUKE DULE DULL DULY DUMA DUMB DUMP DUNE DUNG DUNK DUNS DUNT DUOS DUPE DUPS DURA DURE DURN DURO DURR DUSH DUSK DUST DUTY DWAM DYAD DYED DYER DYES DYKE DYNE DZHO DZOS
EACH EALE EANS EARD EARL EARN EARS EASE EAST EASY EATH EATS EAUS EAUX EAVE EBBS EBON ECAD ECCE ECCO ECHE ECHO ECHT ECOD ECOS ECRU ECUS EDDO EDDY EDGE EDGY EDHS EDIT EECH EELS EELY EERY EEVN EFFS EFTS EGAD EGAL EGER EGGS EGGY EGIS EGMA EGOS EHED EIDE EIKS EILD EINA EINE EISH EKED EKES EKKA ELAN ELDS ELFS ELHI ELKS ELLS ELMS ELMY ELSE ELTS EMES EMEU EMIC EMIR EMIT EMMA EMMY EMOS EMPT EMUS EMYD EMYS ENDS ENES ENEW ENGS ENOL ENOW ENUF ENVY EOAN EONS EORL EPEE EPHA EPIC EPOS ERAS ERED ERES EREV ERGO ERGS ERHU ERIC ERKS ERNE ERNS EROS ERRS ERST ERUV ESES ESKY ESNE ESPY ESSE ESTS ETAS ETAT ETCH ETEN ETHE ETHS ETIC ETNA ETUI EUGE EUGH EUKS EUOI EURO EVEN EVER EVES EVET EVIL EVOE EVOS EWER EWES EWKS EWTS EXAM EXEC EXED EXES EXIT EXON EXPO EXUL EYAS EYED EYEN EYER EYES EYNE EYOT EYRA EYRE EYRY
FAAN FAAS FABS FACE FACT FADE FADO FADS FADY FAFF FAGS FAHS FAIK FAIL FAIN FAIR FAIX FAKE FALL FALX FAME FAND FANE FANG FANK FANO FANS FARD FARE FARL FARM FARO FARS FART FASH FAST FATE FATS FAUN FAUR FAUT FAUX FAVA FAVE FAWN FAWS FAYS FAZE FEAL FEAR FEAT FECK FEDS FEEB FEED FEEL FEEN FEER FEES FEET FEGS FEHM FEHS FEIS FELL FELT FEME FEMS FEND FENI FENS FENT FEOD FERE FERM FERN FESS FEST FETA FETE FETS FETT FEUD FEUS FEWS FEYS FIAR FIAT FIBS FICE FICO FIDO FIDS FIEF FIER FIFE FIGO FIGS FIKE FIKY FILA FILE FILL FILM FILO FILS FIND FINE FINI FINK FINO FINS FIQH FIRE FIRK FIRM FIRN FIRS FISC FISH FISK FIST FITS FITT FIVE FIXT FIZZ FLAB FLAG FLAK FLAM FLAN FLAP FLAT FLAW FLAX FLAY FLEA FLED FLEE FLEG FLEW FLEX FLEY FLIC FLIM FLIP FLIR FLIT FLIX FLOB FLOC FLOE FLOG FLOP FLOR FLOW FLOX FLUB FLUE FLUS FLUX FOAL FOAM FOBS FOCI FOEN FOES FOGS FOGY FOHN FOID FOIL FOIN FOLD FOLK FOND FONE FONS FONT FOOD FOOL FOOT FOPS FORA FORB FORD FORE FORK FORM FORT FOSS FOUD FOUL FOUR FOUS FOWL FOXY FOYS FOZY FRAB FRAE FRAG FRAP FRAS FRAT FRAU FRAY FREE FRET FRIB FRIG FRIS FRIT FRIZ FROE FROG FROM FROS FROW FRUG FUBS FUCI FUCK FUDS FUEL FUFF FUGS FUGU FUJI FULL FUME FUMS FUMY FUND FUNG FUNK FUNS FURL FURR FURS FURY FUSC FUSE FUSS FUST FUTZ FUZE FUZZ FYCE FYKE FYLE FYRD
GABS GABY GADE GADI GADS GAED GAEN GAES GAFF GAGA GAGE GAGS GAID GAIN GAIR GAIT GAJO GAKS GALA GALE GALL GALS GAMA GAMB GAME GAMP GAMS GAMY GANE GANG GANS GANT GAOL GAPE GAPO GAPS GAPY GARB GARE GARI GARS GART GASH GASP GAST GATE GATH GATS GAUD GAUM GAUN GAUP GAUR GAUS GAVE GAWD GAWK GAWP GAWS GAYS GAZE GAZY GEAL GEAN GEAR GEAT GECK GEDS GEED GEEK GEEP GEES GEEZ GEIT GELD GELS GELT GEMS GENA GENE GENS GENT GENU GEOS GERE GERM GERS GERT GEST GETA GETS GEUM GHAT GHEE GHIS GIBE GIBS GIDS GIED GIEN GIES GIFT GIGA GIGS GILA GILD GILL GILT GIMP GING GINK GINN GINS GIOS GIPS GIRD GIRL GIRN GIRO GIRR GIRT GISM GIST GITE GITS GIVE GIZZ GJUS GLAD GLAM GLED GLEE GLEG GLEI GLEN GLEY GLIA GLIB GLID GLIM GLIT GLOB GLOM GLOP GLOW GLUE GLUG GLUM GLUT GNAR GNAT GNAW GNOW GNUS GOAD GOAF GOAL GOAS GOAT GOBI GOBO GOBS GOBY GODS GOEL GOER GOES GOEY GOFF GOGO GOJI GOLD GOLE GOLF GOLP GONE GONG GONK GONS GOOD GOOF GOOG GOOK GOOL GOON GOOP GOOR GOOS GORA GORE GORI GORM GORP GORY GOSH GOSS GOTH GOUK GOUT GOVS GOWD GOWF GOWK GOWL GOWN GOYS GRAB GRAD GRAM GRAN GRAT GRAV GRAY GREE GREN GREW GREX GREY GRID GRIG GRIM GRIN GRIP GRIS GRIT GROG GROK GROT GROW GRRL GRUB GRUE GRUM GUAN GUAR GUBS GUCK GUDE GUES GUFF GUGA GUID GULA GULE GULF GULL GULP GULS GULY GUMP GUMS GUNG GUNK GUNS GUPS GURL GURN GURS GURU GUSH GUST GUTS GUVS GUYS GYAL GYBE GYMP GYMS GYNY GYPS GYRE GYRI GYRO GYTE GYVE
HAAF HAAR HABU HACK HADE HADJ HADS HAED HAEM HAEN HAES HAET HAFF HAFT HAGG HAGS HAHA HAHS HAIK HAIL HAIN HAIR HAJI HAJJ HAKA HAKE HAKU HALE HALF HALL HALM HALO HALT HAME HAMS HAND HANG HANK HANT HAOS HAPS HAPU HARD HARE HARK HARL HARM HARN HARO HARP HART HASH HASK HASP HASS HAST HATE HATH HATS HAUD HAUF HAUL HAUT HAVE HAWK HAWM HAWS HAYS HAZE HAZY HEAD HEAL HEAP HEAR HEAT HEBE HECH HECK HEED HEEL HEFT HEHS HEID HEIL HEIR HELD HELE HELL HELM HELO HELP HEME HEMP HEMS HEND HENS HENT HEPS HEPT HERB HERD HERE HERL HERM HERN HERO HERS HERY HESP HEST HETE HETH HETS HEWN HEWS HEYS HICK HIDE HIED HIES HIGH HIKE HILA HILD HILI HILL HILT HIMS HIND HING HINS HINT HIOI HIPS HIPT HIRE HISH HISN HISS HIST HITS HIVE HIYA HIZZ HOAR HOAS HOAX HOBO HOBS HOCK HODS HOED HOER HOES HOGG HOGH HOGS HOHA HOHS HOIK HOKA HOKE HOKI HOLD HOLE HOLK HOLM HOLP HOLS HOLT HOLY HOMA HOME HOMO HOMS HOMY HOND HONE HONG HONK HONS HOOD HOOF HOOK HOON HOOP HOOR HOOT HOPE HOPS HORA HORE HORI HORN HORS HOSE HOSS HOST HOTE HOTS HOUF HOUR HOUT HOVE HOWE HOWF HOWK HOWL HOWS HOYA HOYS HUBS HUCK HUED HUER HUES HUFF HUGE HUGS HUGY HUHU HUIA HUIC HUIS HULA HULE HULK HULL HUMA HUMF HUMP HUMS HUNG HUNH HUNK HUNS HUNT HUPS HURL HURT HUSH HUSK HUSO HUSS HUTS HWAN HWYL HYED HYEN HYES HYKE HYLA HYLE HYMN HYPE HYPO HYPS HYTE
IAMB IBEX IBIS ICED ICER ICES ICHS ICKY ICON IDEA IDEE IDEM IDES IDLE IDLY IDOL IDYL IFFY IGAD IGGS IGLU IKAN IKAT IKON ILEA ILEX ILIA ILKA ILKS ILLS ILLY IMAM IMID IMMY IMPI IMPS INBY INCH INFO INGO INGS INIA INKS INKY INLY INNS INRO INTI INTO IONS IOTA IRED IRES IRID IRIS IRKS IRON ISBA ISIT ISLE ISMS ISNA ISOS ITAS ITCH ITEM IURE IWIS IXIA IZAR
JAAP JABS JACK JADE JAFA JAGA JAGG JAGS JAIL JAKE JAKS JAMB JAMS JANE JANN JAPE JAPS JARK JARL JARP JARS JASP JASS JASY JATO JAUK JAUP JAVA JAWS JAXY JAYS JAZY JAZZ JEAN JEAT JEDI JEED JEEL JEEP JEER JEES JEEZ JEFE JEFF JEHU JELL JEON JERK JESS JEST JETE JETS JEUX JEWS JIAO JIBB JIBE JIBS JIFF JIGS JILL JILT JIMP JINK JINN JINS JINX JIRD JISM JIVE JIVY JIZZ JOBE JOBS JOCK JOCO JOES JOEY JOGS JOHN JOIN JOKE JOKY JOLE JOLL JOLS JOLT JOMO JONG JOOK JORS JOSH JOSS JOTA JOTS JOUK JOUR JOWL JOWS JOYS JUBA JUBE JUCO JUDO JUDS JUDY JUGA JUGS JUJU JUKE JUKU JUMP JUNK JUPE JURA JURE JURY JUST JUTE JUTS JUVE JYNX
KAAL KAAS KABS KACK KADE KADI KAED KAES KAFS KAGO KAGU KAID KAIE KAIF KAIK KAIL KAIM KAIN KAIS KAKA KAKI KAKS KALE KALI KAMA KAME KAMI KANA KANE KANG KANS KANT KAON KAPA KAPH KARA KARK KARN KARO KART KATA KATI KATS KAVA KAWA KAWS KAYO KAYS KAZI KBAR KEAS KEBS KECK KEDS KEEF KEEK KEEL KEEN KEEP KEET KEFS KEGS KEIR KEKS KELL KELP KELT KEMB KEMP KENO KENS KENT KEPI KEPS KEPT KERB KERF KERN KERO KESH KEST KETA KETE KETO KETS KEWL KEYS KHAF KHAN KHAT KHET KHIS KHOR KHUD KIBE KICK KIDS KIEF KIER KIEV KIFF KIFS KIKE KILD KILL KILN KILO KILP KILT KINA KIND KINE KING KINK KINO KINS KIPE KIPP KIPS KIRK KIRN KIRS KISH KISS KIST KITE KITH KITS KIVA KIWI KLAP KLIK KNAG KNAP KNAR KNEE KNEW KNIT KNOB KNOP KNOT KNOW KNUB KNUR KNUT KOAN KOAP KOAS KOBO KOBS KOEL KOFF KOHA KOHL KOIS KOJI KOKA KOLA KOLO KOND KONK KONS KOOK KOPH KOPS KORA KORE KORO KORS KORU KOSS KOTO KOWS KRAB KRIS KSAR KUDO KUDU KUEH KUES KUFI KUIA KUKU KULA KUNA KUNE KURI KURU KUTA KUTI KUTU KUZU KVAS KYAK KYAR KYAT KYBO KYES KYLE KYND KYNE KYPE KYTE KYUS
LABS LACE LACK LACS LACY LADE LADS LADY LAER LAGS LAHS LAIC LAID LAIK LAIN LAIR LAKE LAKH LAKY LALL LAMA LAMB LAME LAMP LAMS LANA LAND LANE LANG LANK LANT LANX LAPS LARD LARE LARI LARK LARN LARS LASE LASH LASS LAST LATE LATH LATI LATS LATU LAUD LAUF LAVA LAVE LAVS LAWK LAWN LAWS LAYS LAZE LAZO LAZY LEAD LEAF LEAK LEAL LEAM LEAN LEAP LEAR LEAS LEAT LECH LEED LEEK LEEP LEER LEES LEET LEFT LEGS LEHR LEIR LEIS LEKE LEKS LEKU LEME LEND LENG LENO LENS LENT LEPS LEPT LERE LERP LESS LEST LETS LEUD LEVA LEVE LEVO LEVY LEWD LEYS LEZZ LIAR LIAS LIBS LICE LICH LICK LIDO LIDS LIED LIEF LIEN LIER LIES LIEU LIFE LIFT LIGS LIKE LILL LILO LILT LILY LIMA LIMB LIME LIMN LIMO LIMP LIMY LIND LINE LING LINK LINN LINO LINS LINT LINY LION LIPA LIPE LIPO LIPS LIRA LIRE LIRI LIRK LISK LISP LIST LITE LITH LITS LITU LIVE LOAD LOAF LOAM LOAN LOBE LOBI LOBO LOBS LOCA LOCH LOCI LOCK LOCO LODE LODS LOFT LOGE LOGO LOGS LOGY LOID LOIN LOIR LOKE LOLL LOMA LOME LONE LONG LOOF LOOK LOOM LOON LOOP LOOR LOOS LOOT LOPE LOPS LORD LORE LORN LORY LOSE LOSH LOSS LOST LOTA LOTE LOTH LOTI LOTO LOTS LOUD LOUN LOUP LOUR LOUS LOUT LOVE LOWE LOWN LOWP LOWS LOWT LOYS LUAU LUBE LUCE LUCK LUDE LUDO LUDS LUES LUFF LUGE LUGS LUIT LUKE LULL LULU LUMA LUMP LUMS LUNA LUNE LUNG LUNK LUNT LUNY LURE LURK LURS LUSH LUSK LUST LUTE LUTZ LUVS LUXE LWEI LYAM LYCH LYES LYME LYMS LYNE LYNX LYRA LYRE LYSE LYTE
MAAR MAAS MABE MACE MACH MACK MACS MADE MADS MAES MAGE MAGG MAGI MAGS MAHA MAID MAIK MAIL MAIM MAIN MAIR MAKE MAKI MAKO MAKS MALA MALE MALI MALL MALM MALS MALT MAMA MAMS MANA MAND MANE MANG MANI MANO MANS MANY MAPS MARA MARC MARD MARE MARG MARK MARL MARM MARS MART MARY MASA MASE MASH MASK MASS MAST MASU MATE MATH MATS MATT MATY MAUD MAUL MAUN MAUT MAWK MAWN MAWR MAWS MAXI MAYA MAYO MAYS MAZE MAZY MEAD MEAL MEAN MEAT MECK MEDS MEED MEEK MEER MEES MEET MEFF MEGA MEGS MEIN MELA MELD MELL MELS MELT MEME MEMO MEMS MEND MENE MENG MENO MENT MENU MEOU MEOW MERC MERE MERI MERK MERL MESA MESE MESH MESS META METE METH METS MEUS MEVE MEWL MEWS MEZE MEZZ MHOS MIBS MICA MICE MICH MICK MICO MICS MIDI MIDS MIEN MIFF MIGG MIGS MIHA MIHI MIKE MILD MILE MILF MILK MILL MILO MILS MILT MIME MINA MIND MINE MING MINI MINK MINO MINT MINX MINY MIPS MIRE MIRI MIRK MIRO MIRS MIRV MIRY MISE MISO MISS MIST MITE MITT MITY MIXT MIXY MIZZ MNAS MOAI MOAN MOAS MOAT MOBE MOBS MOBY MOCH MOCK MOCS MODE MODI MODS MOER MOES MOFO MOGS MOHR MOIL MOIT MOJO MOKE MOKI MOKO MOLA MOLD MOLE MOLL MOLS MOLT MOLY MOME MOMI MOMS MONA MONG MONK MONO MONS MONY MOOD MOOI MOOK MOOL MOON MOOP MOOR MOOS MOOT MOPE MOPS MOPY MORA MORE MORN MORS MORT MOSE MOSH MOSK MOSS MOST MOTE MOTH MOTI MOTS MOTT MOTU MOUE MOUP MOUS MOVE MOWA MOWN MOWS MOXA MOYA MOYL MOYS MOZE MOZO MOZZ MUCH MUCK MUDS MUFF MUGG MUGS MUID MUIL MUIR MULE MULL MUMM MUMP MUMS MUMU MUNG MUNI MUNS MUNT MUON MURA MURE MURK MURL MURR MUSE MUSH MUSK MUSO MUSS MUST MUTE MUTI MUTS MUTT MUZZ MWAH MYAL MYCS MYNA MYTH MYXO MZEE
NAAM NAAN NABE NABK NABS NACH NADA NADS NAFF NAGA NAGS NAIF NAIK NAIL NAIN NALA NAME NAMS NAMU NANA NANE NANG NANS NAOI NAOS NAPA NAPE NAPS NARC NARD NARE NARK NARY NATS NAVE NAVY NAYS NAZE NAZI NEAL NEAP NEAR NEAT NEBS NECK NEDS NEED NEEM NEEP NEFS NEGS NEIF NEKS NEMA NEMN NENE NEON NEPS NERD NERK NESH NESS NEST NETE NETS NETT NEUK NEUM NEVE NEVI NEWS NEWT NEXT NGAI NIBS NICE NICK NIDE NIDI NIDS NIED NIEF NIES NIFE NIFF NIGH NILL NILS NIMB NIMS NINE NIPA NIPS NIRL NISH NISI NITE NITS NIXE NIXY NOAH NOBS NOCK NODE NODI NODS NOEL NOES NOGG NOGS NOIL NOIR NOLE NOLL NOLO NOMA NOME NOMS NONA NONE NONG NONI NOOB NOOK NOON NOOP NOPE NORI NORK NORM NOSE NOSH NOSY NOTA NOTE NOTT NOUL NOUN NOUP NOUS NOUT NOVA NOWL NOWN NOWS NOWT NOWY NOYS NUBS NUDE NUFF NUKE NULL NUMB NUNS NURD NURL NURR NURS NUTS NYAS NYED NYES
OAFS OAKS OAKY OARS OARY OAST OATH OATS OATY OBAS OBES OBEY OBIA OBIS OBIT OBOE OBOL OBOS OCAS OCCY OCHE OCTA ODAH ODAL ODAS ODDS ODEA ODES ODIC ODOR ODSO ODYL OFAY OFFS OFFY OGAM OGEE OGLE OGRE OHED OHIA OHMS OIKS OILS OILY OINK OINT OKAS OKAY OKEH OKES OKRA OKTA OLDE OLDS OLDY OLEA OLEO OLES OLID OLIO OLLA OLMS OLPE OMBU OMEN OMER OMIT OMOV ONCE ONER ONES ONIE ONLY ONOS ONST ONTO ONUS ONYX OOFS OOFY OOHS OOMS OONS OONT OOPS OOSE OOSY OOTS OOZE OOZY OPAH OPAL OPED OPEN OPES OPPO OPTS OPUS ORAD ORAL ORBS ORBY ORCA ORCS ORDO ORDS ORES ORFE ORFS ORGY ORLE ORRA ORTS ORYX ORZO OSAR OSES OSSA OTIC OTTO OUCH OUDS OUKS OULD OULK OUMA OUPA OUPH OUPS OURN OURS OUST OUTS OUZO OVAL OVEL OVEN OVER OVUM OWED OWER OWES OWLS OWLY OWNS OWRE OWSE OWTS OXEN OXER OXES OXID OXIM OYER OYES OYEZ PAAL
PAAN PACA PACE PACK PACO PACS PACT PACY PADI PADS PAGE PAHS PAID PAIK PAIL PAIN PAIR PAIS PALE PALL PALM PALP PALS PALY PAMS PAND PANE PANG PANS PANT PAPA PAPE PAPS PARA PARD PARE PARK PARP PARR PARS PART PASE PASH PASS PAST PATE PATH PATS PATU PATY PAUA PAUL PAVE PAVS PAWA PAWK PAWL PAWN PAWS PAYS PEAG PEAK PEAL PEAN PEAR PEAS PEAT PEBA PECH PECK PECS PEDS PEED PEEK PEEL PEEN PEEP PEER PEES PEGH PEGS PEHS PEIN PEKE PELA PELE PELF PELL PELS PELT PEND PENE PENI PENK PENS PENT PEON PEPO PEPS PERE PERI PERK PERM PERN PERP PERT PERV PESO PEST PETS PEWS PFFT PFUI PHAT PHEW PHIS PHIZ PHOH PHON PHOS PHOT PHUT PIAL PIAN PIAS PICA PICE PICK PICS PIED PIER PIES PIET PIGS PIKA PIKE PIKI PILA PILE PILI PILL PILY PIMA PIMP PINA PINE PING PINK PINS PINT PINY PION PIOY PIPA PIPE PIPI PIPS PIPY PIRL PIRN PIRS PISE PISH PISO PISS PITA PITH PITS PITY PIUM PIXY PIZE PLAN PLAP PLAT PLAY PLEA PLEB PLED PLEW PLEX PLIE PLIM PLOD PLOP PLOT PLOW PLOY PLUE PLUG PLUM PLUS POAS POCK POCO PODS POEM POEP POET POGO POGY POIS POKE POKY POLE POLK POLL POLO POLS POLT POLY POME POMO POMP POMS POND PONE PONG PONK PONS PONT PONY POOD POOF POOH POOK POOL POON POOP POOR POOS POOT POPE POPS PORE PORK PORN PORT PORY POSE POSH POSS POST POSY POTE POTS POTT POUF POUK POUR POUT POWN POWS POXY POZZ PRAD PRAM PRAO PRAT PRAU PRAY PREE PREM PREP PREX PREY PREZ PRIG PRIM PROA PROB PROD PROF PROG PROM PROO PROP PROS PROW PRUH PRYS PSIS PSST PTUI PUBE PUBS PUCE PUCK PUDS PUDU PUER PUFF PUGH PUGS PUHA PUIR PUJA PUKA PUKE PUKU PUKY PULA PULE PULI PULK PULL PULP PULS PULU PULY PUMA PUMP PUMY PUNA PUNG PUNK PUNS PUNT PUNY PUPA PUPS PUPU PURE PURI PURL PURR PURS PUSH PUSS PUTS PUTT PUTZ PUYS PYAS PYAT PYES PYET PYIC PYIN PYNE PYOT PYRE PYRO QADI
QAID QATS QINS QOPH QUAD QUAG QUAI QUAT QUAY QUEP QUEY QUID QUIM QUIN QUIP QUIT QUIZ QUOD QUOP
RABI RACA RACE RACH RACK RACY RADE RADS RAFF RAFT RAGA RAGE RAGG RAGI RAGS RAGU RAHS RAIA RAID RAIK RAIL RAIN RAIS RAIT RAJA RAKE RAKI RAKU RALE RAMI RAMP RAMS RANA RAND RANG RANI RANK RANT RAPE RAPS RAPT RARE RARK RASE RASH RASP RAST RATA RATE RATH RATO RATS RATU RAUN RAVE RAVS RAWN RAWS RAYA RAYS RAZE RAZZ READ REAK REAL REAM REAN REAP REAR REBS RECK RECS REDD REDE REDO REDS REED REEF REEK REEL REEN REES REFS REFT REGO REGS REHS REIF REIK REIN REIS REKE RELY REMS REND RENK RENS RENT RENY REOS REPO REPP REPS RESH REST RETE RETS REVS REWS RHEA RHOS RHUS RIAD RIAL RIAS RIBA RIBS RICE RICH RICK RICY RIDE RIDS RIEL RIEM RIFE RIFF RIFS RIFT RIGG RIGS RILE RILL RIMA RIME RIMS RIMU RIMY RIND RINE RING RINK RINS RIOT RIPE RIPP RIPS RIPT RISE RISK RISP RITE RITS RITT RITZ RIVA RIVE RIVO RIZA ROAD ROAM ROAN ROAR ROBE ROBS ROCH ROCK ROCS RODE RODS ROED ROES ROIL ROIN ROJI ROKE ROKS ROKY ROLE ROLF ROLL ROMA ROMP ROMS RONE RONG RONT RONZ ROOD ROOF ROOK ROOM ROON ROOP ROOS ROOT ROPE ROPY RORE RORT RORY ROSE ROST ROSY ROTA ROTE ROTI ROTL ROTO ROTS ROUE ROUL ROUM ROUP ROUT ROUX ROVE ROWS ROWT RUBE RUBS RUBY RUCK RUCS RUDD RUDE RUDS RUED RUER RUES RUFF RUGA RUGS RUIN RUKH RULE RULY RUME RUMP RUMS RUND RUNE RUNG RUNS RUNT RURP RURU RUSA RUSE RUSH RUSK RUST RUTH RUTS RYAL RYAS RYES RYFE RYKE RYND RYOT RYPE
SAAG SABE SABS SACK SACS SADE SADI SADO SADS SAFE SAFT SAGA SAGE SAGO SAGS SAGY SAIC SAID SAIL SAIM SAIN SAIR SAIS SAKE SAKI SALE SALL SALP SALS SALT SAMA SAME SAMP SAMS SAND SANE SANG SANK SANS SANT SAPS SARD SARI SARK SARS SASH SASS SATE SATI SAUL SAUT SAVE SAVS SAWN SAWS SAXE SAYS SCAB SCAD SCAG SCAM SCAN SCAR SCAT SCAW SCOG SCOP SCOT SCOW SCRY SCUD SCUG SCUL SCUM SCUP SCUR SCUT SCYE SEAL SEAM SEAN SEAR SEAS SEAT SECH SECO SECS SECT SEED SEEK SEEL SEEM SEEN SEEP SEER SEES SEGO SEGS SEIF SEIK SEIL SEIR SEIS SEKT SELD SELE SELF SELL SELS SEME SEMI SENA SEND SENE SENS SENT SEPS SEPT SERA SERE SERF SERK SERR SERS SESE SESH SESS SETA SETS SETT SEWN SEWS SEXT SEXY SEYS SHAD SHAG SHAH SHAM SHAN SHAT SHAW SHAY SHEA SHED SHES SHET SHEW SHIM SHIN SHIP SHIR SHIT SHIV SHMO SHOD SHOE SHOG SHOO SHOP SHOT SHOW SHRI SHUL SHUN SHUT SHWA SIAL SIBB SIBS SICE SICH SICK SICS SIDA SIDE SIDH SIEN SIES SIFT SIGH SIGN SIJO SIKA SIKE SILD SILE SILK SILL SILO SILT SIMA SIMI SIMP SIMS SIND SINE SING SINH SINK SINS SIPE SIPS SIRE SIRI SIRS SISS SIST SITE SITH SITS SITZ SIZE SIZY SJOE SKAG SKAS SKAT SKAW SKEE SKEG SKEN SKEO SKEP SKER SKET SKEW SKID SKIM SKIN SKIO SKIP SKIS SKIT SKOL SKRY SKUA SKUG SKYF SKYR SLAB SLAE SLAG SLAM SLAP SLAT SLAW SLAY SLEB SLED SLEE SLEW SLEY SLID SLIM SLIP SLIT SLOB SLOE SLOG SLOP SLOT SLOW SLUB SLUE SLUG SLUM SLUR SLUT SMEE SMEW SMIR SMIT SMOG SMUG SMUR SMUT SNAB SNAG SNAP SNAR SNAW SNEB SNED SNEE SNIB SNIG SNIP SNIT SNOB SNOD SNOG SNOT SNOW SNUB SNUG SNYE SOAK SOAP SOAR SOBA SOBS SOCA SOCK SOCS SODA SODS SOFA SOFT SOGS SOHO SOHS SOIL SOJA SOKE SOLA SOLD SOLE SOLI SOLO SOLS SOMA SOME SOMS SOMY SONE SONG SONS SOOK SOOL SOOM SOON SOOP SOOT SOPH SOPS SORA SORB SORD SORE SORI SORN SORT SOSS SOTH SOTS SOUK SOUL SOUM SOUP SOUR SOUS SOUT SOVS SOWF SOWL SOWM SOWN SOWP SOWS SOYA SOYS SPAE SPAG SPAM SPAN SPAR SPAS SPAT SPAW SPAY SPAZ SPEC SPED SPEK SPET SPEW SPIC SPIE SPIF SPIK SPIM SPIN SPIT SPIV SPOD SPOT SPRY SPUD SPUE SPUG SPUN SPUR SRIS STAB STAG STAP STAR STAT STAW STAY STED STEM STEN STEP STET STEW STEY STIE STIM STIR STOA STOB STOP STOT STOW STUB STUD STUM STUN STYE SUBA SUBS SUCH SUCK SUDD SUDS SUED SUER SUES SUET SUGH SUGO SUGS SUID SUIT SUKH SUKS SULK SULU SUMO SUMP SUMS SUMY SUNG SUNI SUNK SUNN SUNS SUPE SUPS SUQS SURA SURD SURE SURF SUSS SUSU SWAB SWAD SWAG SWAM SWAN SWAP SWAT SWAY SWEE SWEY SWIG SWIM SWIZ SWOB SWOP SWOT SWUM SYBO SYCE SYED SYEN SYES SYKE SYLI SYNC SYND SYNE SYPE SYPH
TAAL TABI TABS TABU TACE TACH TACK TACO TACT TADS TAED TAEL TAES TAGS TAHA TAHR TAIG TAIL TAIN TAIS TAIT TAKA TAKE TAKI TAKS TAKY TALA TALC TALE TALI TALK TALL TAME TAMP TAMS TANA TANE TANG TANH TANK TANS TAOS TAPA TAPE TAPS TAPU TARA TARE TARN TARO TARP TARS TART TASH TASK TASS TATE TATH TATS TATT TATU TAUS TAUT TAVA TAVS TAWA TAWS TAWT TAXA TAXI TAYS TEAD TEAK TEAL TEAM TEAR TEAS TEAT TECH TECS TEDS TEDY TEED TEEK TEEL TEEM TEEN TEER TEES TEFF TEFS TEGG TEGS TEGU TEHR TEIL TEIN TELA TELD TELE TELL TELS TELT TEME TEMP TEMS TEND TENE TENS TENT TEPA TERF TERM TERN TEST TETE TETH TETS TEWS TEXT THAE THAN THAR THAT THAW THEE THEM THEN THEW THEY THIG THIN THIO THIR THIS THON THOU THRO THRU THUD THUG THUS TIAN TIAR TICE TICH TICK TICS TIDE TIDS TIDY TIED TIER TIES TIFF TIFT TIGE TIGS TIKA TIKE TIKI TIKS TILE TILL TILS TILT TIME TINA TIND TINE TING TINK TINS TINT TINY TIPI TIPS TIPT TIRE TIRL TIRO TIRR TITE TITI TITS TIVY TIZZ TOAD TOBY TOCK TOCO TOCS TODS TODY TOEA TOED TOES TOEY TOFF TOFT TOFU TOGA TOGE TOGS TOHO TOIL TOIT TOKE TOKO TOLA TOLD TOLE TOLL TOLT TOLU TOMB TOME TOMO TOMS TONE TONG TONK TONS TONY TOOK TOOL TOOM TOON TOOT TOPE TOPH TOPI TOPO TOPS TORA TORC TORE TORI TORN TORO TORR TORS TORT TORY TOSA TOSE TOSH TOSS TOST TOTE TOTS TOUK TOUN TOUR TOUT TOWN TOWS TOWT TOWY TOYO TOYS TOZE TRAD TRAM TRAP TRAT TRAY TREE TREF TREK TRES TRET TREW TREY TREZ TRIE TRIG TRIM TRIN TRIO TRIP TROD TROG TRON TROP TROT TROW TROY TRUE TRUG TRYE TRYP TSAR TSKS TUAN TUBA TUBE TUBS TUCK TUFA TUFF TUFT TUGS TUIS TULE TUMP TUMS TUNA TUND TUNE TUNG TUNS TUNY TUPS TURD TURF TURK TURM TURN TUSH TUSK TUTS TUTU TUZZ TWAE TWAL TWAS TWAT TWAY TWEE TWIG TWIN TWIT TWOS TYDE TYED TYEE TYER TYES TYGS TYIN TYKE TYMP TYND TYNE TYPE TYPO TYPP TYPY TYRE TYRO TYTE TZAR
UDAL UDON UDOS UEYS UFOS UGHS UGLY UKES ULAN ULES ULEX ULNA ULUS ULVA UMBO UMMA UMPH UMPS UMPY UMRA UMUS UNAI UNAU UNBE UNCE UNCI UNCO UNDE UNDO UNDY UNIS UNIT UNTO UPAS UPBY UPDO UPGO UPON UPSY UPTA URAO URBS URDE URDS URDY UREA URES URGE URIC URNS URPS URSA URUS URVA USED USER USES UTAS UTES UTIS UTUS UVAE UVAS UVEA
VACS VADE VAES VAGI VAGS VAIL VAIN VAIR VALE VALI VAMP VANE VANG VANS VANT VARA VARE VARS VARY VASA VASE VAST VATS VATU VAUS VAUT VAVS VAWS VEAL VEEP VEER VEES VEGA VEGO VEHM VEIL VEIN VELA VELD VELE VELL VENA VEND VENT VERA VERB VERD VERS VERT VERY VEST VETO VETS VEXT VIAE VIAL VIAS VIBE VIBS VICE VIDE VIDS VIED VIER VIES VIEW VIGA VIGS VILD VILE VILL VIMS VINA VINE VINO VINS VINT VINY VIOL VIRE VIRL VISA VISE VITA VITE VIVA VIVE VIVO VIZY VLEI VLOG VOAR VOES VOID VOIP VOLA VOLE VOLK VOLS VOLT VORS VOTE VOWS VRIL VROT VROU VROW VUGG VUGH VUGS VULN VUMS
WAAC WABS WACK WADD WADE WADI WADS WADT WADY WAES WAFF WAFT WAGE WAGS WAID WAIF WAIL WAIN WAIR WAIS WAIT WAKA WAKE WAKF WALD WALE WALI WALK WALL WALY WAME WAND WANE WANG WANK WANS WANT WANY WAPS WAQF WARB WARD WARE WARK WARM WARN WARP WARS WART WARY WASE WASH WASP WAST WATE WATS WATT WAUK WAUL WAUR WAVE WAVY WAWA WAWE WAWL WAWS WAXY WAYS WEAK WEAL WEAN WEAR WEBS WEDS WEED WEEK WEEL WEEM WEEN WEEP WEER WEES WEET WEFT WEID WEIL WEIR WEKA WELD WELK WELL WELS WELT WEMB WEMS WENA WEND WENS WENT WEPT WERE WERO WERT WEST WETA WETS WEXE WEYS WHAE WHAM WHAP WHAT WHEE WHEN WHET WHEW WHEY WHID WHIG WHIM WHIN WHIO WHIP WHIR WHIT WHIZ WHOA WHOM WHOP WHOT WHOW WHUP WHYS WICE WICH WICK WIDE WIEL WIFE WIGS WIKI WILD WILE WILI WILL WILT WILY WIMP WIND WINE WING WINK WINN WINO WINS WINY WIPE WIRE WIRY WISE WISH WISP WISS WIST WITE WITH WITS WIVE WOAD WOCK WOES WOFS WOGS WOKE WOKS WOLD WOLF WOMB WONK WONS WONT WOOD WOOF WOOL WOON WOOS WOOT WOPS WORD WORE WORK WORM WORN WORT WOST WOTS WOVE WOWF WOWS WRAP WREN WRIT WUDS WUDU WULL WUSS WYCH WYES WYLE WYND WYNN WYNS WYTE
XRAY XYST
YAAR YABA YACK YADS YAFF YAGI YAGS YAHS YAKS YALD YALE YAMS YANG YANK YAPP YAPS YARD YARE YARK YARN YARR YATE YAUD YAUP YAWL YAWN YAWP YAWS YAWY YAYS YBET YEAD YEAH YEAN YEAR YEAS YEBO YECH YEDE YEED YEGG YELD YELK YELL YELM YELP YELT YENS YEPS YERD YERK YESK YEST YETI YETT YEUK YEVE YEWS YGOE YIDS YIKE YILL YINS YIPE YIPS YIRD YIRK YIRR YITE YLEM YLKE YMPE YMPT YOBS YOCK YODE YODH YODS YOGA YOGH YOGI YOKE YOKS YOLD YOLK YOMP YOND YONI YONT YOOF YOOP YORE YORK YORP YOUK YOUR YOUS YOWE YOWL YOWS YUAN YUCA YUCH YUCK YUFT YUGA YUGS YUKE YUKO YUKS YUKY YULE YUMP YUNX YUPS YURT YUTZ YUZU YWIS
ZACK ZAGS ZANY ZAPS ZARF ZARI ZATI ZEAL ZEAS ZEBU ZEDS ZEES ZEIN ZEKS ZELS ZEPS ZERK ZERO ZEST ZETA ZEZE ZHOS ZIFF ZIGS ZILA ZILL ZIMB ZINC ZINE ZING ZINS ZIPS ZITE ZITI ZITS ZIZZ ZOBO ZOBU ZOEA ZOIC ZOLS ZONA ZONE ZONK ZOOM ZOON ZOOS ZOOT ZORI ZOUK ZULU ZUPA ZURF ZYGA ZYME ZZZS
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2020.08.05 23:20 VerkhovnaGeordie Days 2 + 3 - Labour's Campaign Trail

Days 2 +3 - Labour's Campaign Trail

I missed yesterday because of the football, congrats Fulham for winning that one though I wish it had gone to pens! So every Labour piece since the last time I posted will be recapped in this piece. Positive propaganda fuels campaigns so here we go...
West London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i358md/gexiv_west_london_vincendt_goes_around_the/ The effort is what makes this one stand out for me, it isn't just the text post which many would have sufficed (myself included, let's be honest), but the range of multimedia helps make this piece standout. I know it has 2 upvotes, but it stands out for me! Uniqueness gets you far in elections, and combining forms to help give your posts that advantage, where every minimal gain counts, is so vital.
Merseyside https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i376i4/gexiv_merseyside_arichteabiscuit_travels_to/ They say length isn't everything, but sometimes it shows a genuine commitment to what you are writing, that is, you care about what you're typing out and when reading back, it can really show. It does here, I couldn't personally imagine putting this much effort into a re-election campaign. The stakes are higher since it is the leader of the opposition we're speaking about (well, the incumbent) so seeing a fighting spirit is really inspiring to see.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i38uzc/gexiv_national_arichteabiscuit_talks_about_things/ A busy leader, again, I couldn't imagine having to chase around the country for every opportunity for votes. But that's commitment and I clearly don't have enough of it! The fact national posts are a voluntary weight on top of constituency campaigns, yet we see so many Labourites (and other parties) committing to it speaks real volumes about the desire our party members have. It's lovely, so keep it up if you can!
North London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i396ln/gexiv_north_london_flyers_are_distributed_in/ AV's take using the Labour colour branding to "represent the people, not the elites" speaks the absolute truth when it comes to the Labour cause. There's a block of text to the right which isn't the focus let's be honest, it's the anime character who I cannot name who rests proudly, and confidently, for the challenge that is yet to make itself clear.
Kent https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i39c2m/gexiv_kent_spectacular_iceberg_and_his_team_place/ I don't know who the picture shows, but it is near the Dover cliffs, an iconic sight along the southern coast. A selection of our policies stand itself apart with the overarching theme being to elect a "Strong local voice" by voting Labour. Keep 'em coming, it's a nice effort.
Essex https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i39hzgexiv_essex_lilyirl_launches_her_campaign_fo The comments make this one if I'm honest! Anyone making a video on top of their text posts deserves amazing effort. I did video making a few years ago, the hours I spent on Premiere bashing away at transitions and perfecting the footage I had brings back bittersweet memories. That said, I've swapped Premiere for Photoshop, Audition and Cubase but those memories are a lot happier than the painful effort video editing is. Mad props for anyone, and Lily included, for video making!
Surrey https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3bovj/gexiv_surrey_apth10_opens_reddit_live_stream_fo The ending, in contrast, makes this one. ""Alright last question for the night because my mum has been knocking on my bedroom door for the past five minutes. What kind of anime do you watch? Ooh that's a good one. I do watch a bit of anime, in fact the genre I like the most is hentai. I watch hentai for like three hours a day, and honestly why buy a premium pass from Pornhub if you can read those for free...." Immediately apth10's campaign manager instructs him to stop talking, with which he says to the camera "I'll be back" and then proceeds to be given a dressing down by the manager, all without the mike for the stream unmuted. As the comments section streams with "hahahahahhahahahahahhahahaha" and "lmao poggers"" Reminds me of when people used to ring up Jesus Chatline and get their way saying 'inappropriate' things to get a reaction out of the host. Good memories.
Dorset https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3egc4/gexiv_dorset_stalin1953_puts_up_posters/ As always, Labour put up a good fight against climate change and Stalin's poster highlights a few ideas planned, to fight for "Dorset's environment." Named are the "Clean Air Zone Act, the Trees Act, the Bus and Taxi Act, as well as a proposal for the Green Dorset Plan." Tells us things nice and simply, which I'll admit provides us well for the text-based opposite. But they're good!
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3feep/gexiv_national_lpuk_say_no_more_lottery_for_the/ That's a very nice design, I might nab it for Weekly next term. The cyan colour I think is Labour's official which will serve us especially well heading into the new term. I won't comment on the claims made, but it's a job well done, especially for the "special thanks to" column. 50p for that though, extortionate ;)
North and Central Wales https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3fimm/gexiv_north_and_central_wales_archism_sits_for_an/ I like this one since it's a clear-the-air interview set to put our minds aside from what happened on Sunday night. I'm glad for it, but I don't think it amounted to much of a big deal, probably because it was hours before the dissolution of Parliament. "I'm proud of my fight for Wales." appears the takeaway message, for the "best possible result for my country."
North and Central Wales https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3fr2n/gexiv_north_and_central_wales_wales_can_move/ General election season offers two wonderful things, firstly the variety of multimedia that people express themselves on. People have done it via dance pole streams(GE9 or 11 I think? An odd-number iirc), text and video. The second is seeing the pictures people choose to use for their posters. I love this one in particular, the text isn't important to me. But it's a solid message made a little less prominent by the hilarious, forced smile to the left.
Central London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3ftai/gexiv_central_london_frost_walker2017_is/ The average 16-year-old, keeping in mind they can now vote, appears very clued up on politics which is a shift from the long-standing ignorance many teens had pleaded towards. That said, it's August, and we're in the middle of a 6-week break, so I don't know where the class is coming from. Good message which I'm happy to take away, though!
(Not a Labour but I love this effort https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3gjdg/national_frieds_three_sin_taxes/ - the editing is pretty sublime on this. Have my upvote!)
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3hoif/gexiv_national_ngspy_posts_2_more_noot_noot_memes/ I have a bot on my personal server which you can make versions of this meme for. It's not the most funny meme ever to start of with, but I like this rework which at least gives it a bit of flavour. Has my approval! (but this is a propaganda piece - there's your answer, Seimer. My own recap pieces are propaganda!)
South West London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3ioyv/gexiv_southwest_london_ngspy_heads_to_twickenham/ Already getting to the stage where I'm running out of things to say that I find meaning apart from the obvious few. It's a super high effort post and it really shows, quoting the manifesto indirectly for its policies which manage to substantiate it.
Lanarkshire and the Borders https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3its0/gexiv_lanarkshire_and_the_borders_what_happened/ Presented without comment.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3j4c2/gexiv_national_arichteabiscuit_travels_to/ Maidstone I hear is a nice place, but I've never visited. That said, I hope the locals are sympathetic to our cause there. "ARichTeaBiscuit remained behind to take photographs with members of the public and respond to questions before moving on to the next stage of the campaign." It's a very humanitarian thing to do, and shows genuine kindness which I think all politicians should learn from. Kinder, gentler politics and all that.
(Not a Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3jhy4/gexiv_tyne_and_wear_please_mr_friedmanite19_i_am/ - an interesting message here and I do like the design of it. Comments have potential.)
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3kc4k/gexiv_northumbria_arichteabiscuit_visits/ Fairly local to me, Darlington (Quakers as the football team is known as) is a place I'm quite fond of. Captain_Plat_2258's campaign helped reinforced by the efforts of our seemingly omnipresent leader. I wonder if someone could check whether all these trips are realistic. But it doesn't matter if not, it's the thought that counts. Side note, I'd love to be able to teleport places. Saves having to spend money travelling and waiting idly for things.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3kyw5/gexiv_national_posters_put_up_near_stadiums_and/ The second meaning of eye-catching, as I pointed out in Labour chat!
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3l534/gexiv_national_labour_for_justice/ The first meaning of eye-catching. I'm surprised they both ended up next to each-other in the Labour queue!
Cumbria and Lancashire North https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3l983/gexiv_cumbria_and_lancashire_north_labou I was told this seat is an interesting race earlier, and I can see why. High creativity posts like these (the one below, too) helps reinforce the message that Labour is committed. They haven't won Cumbria ever I don't think, it's always been a CLib -> Tory battleground. Let's see what happens next!
Cumbria and Lancashire North https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3lag7/gexiv_cumbria_and_lancashire_north_labou As above.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3lait/gexiv_national_arichteabiscuit_visits_sheffield/ Sheffield is part of the constituency I'm running in, South Yorkshire. So it's good the leader managed to visit! If these aren't pre-written then wow. Mad effort which should be congratulated regardless of the result it may bear, amazing how people can grind hours writing things up for these and to win nothing in the end. It shows how far passion can take you.
North and Central Wales https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3lucv/gexiv_north_and_central_wales_archism_talks/ It's good to talk. But not about the manifesto haha, the immersion with the Welsh impresses me in this one. ""Helo, diolch i chi i gyd am ymuno â mi. "
(Not a Labour, is this the big meme of the campaign? Hope so, hahaha https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3lut1/national_tories_are_freezing_vat_lpuk_are/)
South Yorkshire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3mvvf/gexiv_south_yorkshire_the_importance_of_football/ My piece, no thoughts are needed are they?
Leeds & Wakefield https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3mw3g/gexiv_leeds_wakefield_flyers_supporting/ It's a wonderful design using the Labour branding document which was made for us around GE10. It's served us fantastically and this is the result of that.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3nh2f/gexiv_national_arichteabiscuit_travels_up_to/ The travelling doesn't stop, does it? I've ran out of things to say for nationals, well done good effort high quality ahhh
Central London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3ofpx/gexiv_central_london_frost_walker2017_speaks_in/ I went to London in December, the size of it does overhwelm you a little if you haven't been there before but I can see why it's our capital. I took a picture of Trafalgar Square when I was there, it was nice. Nice thoughts too, by the way, the piece.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3r0a6/gexiv_national_labour_video_advert_dont_risk_it/ Watch every video that people make, it's easy to underestimate the effort people put into them.
North London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3sacgexiv_north_london_av200_speaks_outside_the_bill/ I said something about pubs yesterday. Go find that comment and pretend I said it here, running out of things to say. It's punishment for forgetting whilst the Fulham match was on.
Northamptonshire and Rutland https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3stzp/gexiv_northamptonshire_and_rutland_a_boome They say uniqueness can get you far, and there is no need to have to fit in with the crowd. That's shown by 2 self-proclaimed "boomer" launching their campaign, ironically, via social media. The Instagram Stories mock-up works really well, I think I'd be pressing yes on that one? For a former leader though, 8 followers. Irrelevance does hurt. ;)
Northamptonshire and Rutland https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3sx4z/gexiv_northamptonshire_and_rutland_nukemaus/ As above, it's creative and despite claiming to be "low-quality", I'll leave it up to you to judge.
(Not a Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3t72n/gexiv_national_same_lpuk_same_dange don't care if the message doesn't "work"< the editing makes it perfect for me. Upvote!)
(Not a Labour, the play-on words. I love it https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3ti27/gexiv_sussex_frack_off_lpuk/, though I might be a little juvenile in terms of humour)
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3trdh/gexiv_national_labour_adverts_appear_online/ I remember this one being spoken about for how it wasn't "perfect" when put in chat. It looks simple but (assuming it's After Effects) there's all sorts of tweaks you have to do to make anything work there. A 3 second transition might take half an hour to make on AE. It's just how it is, but it's solid effort.
Cumbria and Lancashire North https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3tyjv/gexiv_cumbria_and_lancashire_north/ Leader does leader magic.
(Not a Labour. Bit of a gripe, a few Lib Dem posters are saying they are "on your side." I should hope so, if they weren't then nobody would be voting for them)
Buckinghamshire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3u8uc/gexiv_buckinghamshire_posters_with_the_sexiest/ Perfection in a picture. Framed and on the mantlepiece.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i3uq40/gexiv_national_working_families_deserve_more/ They do deserve more. How long will we be saying these catchphrases, I think for once working families should get more. Then it'll stop people saying they deserve more every election. Standard election speak, illustrated nicely in a picturesque stock photo background.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i409ul/gexiv_national_hoardings_and_roadsigns_go_up_all/ I like the design on this one a lot. The fact it's contrasted with the, above PUP campaign, which attacks Labour a bit, puts it firmly in perspective.
(Not a Labour) https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i417i5/gexiv_regional_east_of_england_back_pup_for_a/ For reference, a better Britain, or no longer wanting a fairer system. You can be the judge!
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i428v4/gexiv_national_ngspy_posts_3_more_noot_noot_memes/ I had Pingu as my profile picture back in August. Good times. And a good meme to make me think of that!
(Not a Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i42fr9/gexiv_upper_severn_dont_vote_bng/ This Fried being the devil thing. I do hope the Tories don't do a deal with the devil after results night then!)
South West London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i42hy4/gexiv_southwest_london_ngspy_goes_to_clapham/ Using the manifesto as a direct source to preach its talk to the people. In a pleasant way that I did enjoy reading. Good arguments substantiated by typicalised politician speak. All about those votes, all about those gains. Approved!
Northumbria https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i42or6/gexiv_constituency_northumbria_kate_launches/ The billboard I'm a big fan of. It's that template I said I liked a few comments ago, I assume you made it then. :D If we were speaking Maori I'd compliment you for the immersion. North easterns don't understand the southerners let alone the indigenous!
Black Country https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i42yms/gexiv_black_country_anacornda_pens_a_letter_sent/ A standard politician's letter to their constituents-to-be. Good stuff, though I am being genuine when I am running out of things to say now!
Dorset https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4343m/gexiv_dorset_stalin1953_distributes_a_brochure/ I like brochures, if they look nice it's a bonus. Sums up policies well. Hearing the letterbox swoosh open as a letter floats it way downwards(can it float down?) to the carpet beneath, as that distinctive clunk sound reverberates through the home. Iconic, and typical election-speak.
Cumbria and Lancashire North https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i43cgz/gexiv_cumbria_and_lancashire_north_labou The opening sentence makes it for me hahaha "“Wow, this place is bigger than it looked on google images,” says mikiboss, walking into the opening Museum hall." I think we all look up the places we run in on Google, or at least look them up for pictures to imagine a performance there!
Dorset https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i43flw/gexiv_constituency_dorset_kate_hands_pamphlets/ An interesting mix of characters against the backdrop of the Dorset cliffs. I like the gradient on this one, it's simple and doesn't hurt the eye most importantly.
Ok 8 hours to go until I'm caught up! Maybe 9, I've been writing for ages and haven't refreshed yet.
South West London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i43hiz/gexiv_southwest_london_ngspy_drives_to_and_speaks/ The P in Putney is a nice sound to make, wouldn't you agree? I'm now talking about the constituency name since the text I've little to comment on. A tremendous job regardless of what it's said, for any party really.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i43ue0/gexiv_national_kate_speaks_on_green_politics_at/ Nationals will get a standard response from now on I reckon :thumbsup: (pretend it works)
East London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i43x2a/gexiv_east_london_polteaghost_puts_up_posters/ "Fervant" That's a word I don't use very often. Fervent means "having or displaying a passionate intensity." I'd vote for a fervent "defender of British democracy", let it be known!
**Northumbria" https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i440fq/gexiv_constituency_northumbria_kate_records_an/ I didn't know they had a national park. Good work! Imagine if it were a video, I think that's how it's meant to be reecived.
(Not a Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i441ys/gexiv_lothian_and_fife_lib_dem_volunteers/ nice template, there's a website I used for getting mugs and record labels from. Don't remember its name but it's very good. .PSD template [item] should work good for that)
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i445e5/gexiv_national_what_values_do_you_want_for_britain/ :thumbsup: (see, keeping to the new response)
Surrey https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i449agexiv_surrey_apth10_makes_a_trip_to_epsom_college/ Off to school in the early days of August. Yeah the date must be canon, posts at the end of bills use real life time for that. I appreciate the effort and it makes for a good read regardless.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i44nqy/gexiv_national_reject_austerity_choose_labou A few words. Newcastle fans are on Twitter changing text of Premier League material to more shady things, and one of them is in this style: overlaying one word with a handrwritten form that says another. It's a good technique and I hope to see it more moving forward. The contrast between purple and red works surprisingly well.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i456yu/gexiv_national_pamphlets_galore_are_released/ :thumbsup: (back to that are we?)
Black Country https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i45efj/gexiv_black_country_anacornda_holds_tea_and_chat/ How many sugars do you have in a tea? I don't use teaspoons, I just pour some in for a bit. Not a ton obviously, but I don't think tea needs to be sweetened by X amout each time. Teaspoons are good for that though.
Cambridgeshire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i45ygh/gexiv_constituency_cambridgeshire_a_wild_kate_is/ That template I love back again!
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i463ts/gexiv_national_flyers_found_in_towns_nea (Sun - it's the correct form of that policy now!)
East London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46fl0/gexiv_east_london_driftersbuddy_launches_his/ A solid message. "The election is here and you have a choice, a strong and stable party in the Conservatives or an unorganised, shambolic party in Labour." The soundbites are tremendous, and I couldn't love election season more for it.
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46l24/gexiv_national_posters_are_put_throughout_the_uk/ Big fan of the design, and also a big fan of the policies.
(Not Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46lys/gexiv_tyne_and_wear_voters_are_asking_where_is/ Whoever Tyne and Wear Labour is repped by, get campaigning! But maybe they're doing it all on the last day, it's a strategy to come out, out of nowhere. Opens you to criticism too, mind.)
National https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46rls/gexiv_national_posters_i_guess/ Comments, I guess.
Leicestershire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46yw8/gexiv_leicestershire_crystal_spires_launches_he I hate typing out the name of that constituency; Leicester is ok, adding a -shire to the end makes it appear more complicated than it actually is.
Leicestershire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i46zvg/gexiv_leicestershire_crystal_spires_visits_enderby/ As above, but I'll compliment you on the work ethic this time!
(Not Labour, wow. https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i492sgexiv_cambridgeshire_new_david_new_dange Wow. Wow. Hahahaha)
South Yorkshire https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4ccod/gexiv_south_yorkshire_making_music_striking_a/ In my spare time I do a bit of music making. But not original tunes, I'm no good for that. Playing around with already-existing MIDI tracks and seeing what I can make out of them using the VSTs I have. Seeing how changing a chord or two affects the song, or rework them to make them copyright-friendly. Inspired by the wonderful Jayowai who I credited with their piece (Critical Pursuit), who does the music for a parody channel I've been watching for years.
I started this piece just after I finished that one. About 70 mins later, with a break in between tbf, here we are. The final countdown! I could make a parody of that? Maybe when I find a guitar VST that does it realistically enough for a solo.
Upper Severn https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4ci14/gexiv_upper_severn_arichteabiscuit_visits_rugby/ Why was 6 afraid of 7? Because Severn, 8, 9! I'll get my coat.
(Not a Labour, https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4dhn3/gexiv_national_tories_are_freezing_vat_lpuk_are/ I was right. That is the big meme of the campaign)
London https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4doca/gexiv_london_vincent_speaks_in_ealing_criticises/ London is a bit generic for a constituency, starting it off. The picture is cool, the Labour-coloured liquid hopefully won't drown them out either I hope.
Northamptonshire and Rutland https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4drme/gexiv_northamptonshire_and_rutland_regrettably/ Poetry isn't that bad, I did poetry like 6 years ago as a hobby and found it quite fun. That said, ABAB rhyme schemes only get you so far... Go figure what the bold text means!
Done? Done! Noooo just refreshed!!!
Dorset https://www.reddit.com/MHoCCampaigning/comments/i4e2np/gexiv_dorset_arichteabiscuit_visits_bournemouth/ Our wonderful leader, now in the picturesque seaside town of Bourmemouth. I wonder who the football club will get in to replace Eddie Howe? I'd offer my services but Football Manager badges won't get you jobs in the Championship.
Now I'm done and that's final, no more posts even if I refresh and they get it in, will be in. My sanity restored for a bit. Just put it through a word count, 3,176 words. I'm off for the night, see you tomorrow. :waves:
submitted by VerkhovnaGeordie to MHOCLabourPress [link] [comments]


2020.08.05 21:17 SoSaturnistic [Irish News] Controversial tariff policy largely achieved

Controversial tariff policy largely achieved

written by MoMarsistic

The Labour Party’s manifesto has called for unilateral tariff reductions across the board, provoking controversy among some quarters. In particular, several Tory grandees have been clear in their criticism about unilateral reductions, noting that it could weaken the UK’s negotiating position in matters of international trade. The Monolith has also reported that the Libertarian Party UK has followed this criticism itself. The argument from Labour's opponents goes that if the UK does not have any barriers to trade to lower itself, it loses leverage to ask for reductions in barriers to trade from other countries. Proponents counter that several tariffs levied during the time within the EU are simply unnecessary impediments to trade and adversely impact consumers.
Despite the Labour Party’s proposal and Conservative and LPUK opposition to it, it seems as though much of the work there has already been achieved. Under the terms of the Cross Border Taxation Act 2019 submitted by the Classical Liberals, several tariffs were prospectively completely abolished and no tariff is set to be higher than 3% after 31 December. That date is when the EU transition period is currently set to end.
The Irish News has examined the record to determine the level of support that this legislation received. Perhaps surprisingly given its present controversy, this legislation secured the backing of nearly all political parties and MPs at the time. This includes both the Labour Party and the Conservative Party who are at the heart of the current political dispute. Other major parties who backed the bill at the time include the Libertarian Party UK, the Liberal Democrats, and obviously the Classical Liberals. The Green Party and The People’s Movement were the only political groupings to oppose that legislation, which passed with over 91% of present MPs voting in favour. This included all MPs sent to Westminster from the North at the time (3 UUP and 1 APNI).
To help voters make an informed choice this election, here are the current Parliamentary candidates who voted against the bill at the time:
Likewise, here are the Parliamentary candidates who voted in favour:
While times and circumstances around policies change with time, it can be fun to take a look back every so often to put present political discussion into its proper context. We hope that this helps create a more informed debate as people go to vote in a few days.
Edit: fixed confessions' name
submitted by SoSaturnistic to MHOCPress [link] [comments]


2020.06.22 13:44 LordVelaryon That day, that goal, that prodigy.

Less than eleven seconds earlier, when the Argentinian player receives the pass from a teammate, the clock in Mexico marks thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty seconds. In the opening scene there are also two Brits and a slightly older man of Tunisian origin. Football isn't very popular in Tunisia. That's why the African seems to be the only one who is not in an athletic mental alertness
The Tunisian is called Ali Bin Nasser and, while others run, he walks slowly. He is forty-two years old and ashamed: he knows that he will never be called again to referee an official match between nations. He also knows that if twelve years earlier, when he was injured in the Tunisian league, he had been told that he would be in a World Cup, he would not have believed it. Nor would he have believed it the afternoon he became a referee. After all, in Tunisia you only need to have the same number of legs as lungs to get the job.
But when he officiated his first match, he discovered that he would be a proper referee. And it was more than that: he managed to become the first football referee to be recognised on the streets of his city. He was called up for the 1984 African qualifiers and his judgment proved to be so good that a year later he was called up to command in a World Cup.
In Mexico he was asked for autographs, had pictures taken with him and slept in the most luxurious hotel. He had successfully refereed the Poland-Portugal match in the group stage, and watched the left half in a Denmark-Spain match where the Danes played the whole second half with a high-line; he didn't make a single mistake when he raised his flag.
When the organisers informed him that he would be directing a quarterfinal - no Tunisian judge had ever come this far - Ali called home from the hotel, with reverse charge, told it to his father and both cried.
That night he slept through hot flashes and had two dreams of ridicule. In the first dream he twisted his ankle and had to be replaced by the fourth referee; in the dream, the fourth referee was his mother. In the second dream a fan jumped onto the field, pulled down his pants and he was left with his genitals hanging out in front of the world's televisions.
From each dream he woke up with his heart beating. But he never dreamed, during the eve, of validating a goal scored with a hand. He did not dream that, in Tunisian street slang, his name would become an humorous metaphor for blindness. That's why he's now refereeing the second half of that match with a desire to see it end soon.
Now the Argentinian player touches the ball with his left foot and moves it half a metre out of the shadows. The heat is over 30 degrees and that spider-shaped shade is the only one in many meters around.
Around the field, one hundred and fifteen thousand people follow the player's movements but only two, those closest to the scene, can prevent his advance.
Their names are Peter: Raid one, Beardsley the other. Both were born in the north of England, one in the riverbed and the other at the mouth of the River Tyne; they both had, a few years earlier, a son whom they named Peter; they both divorced their first wife before travelling to Mexico; and they are both convinced, at the thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-one seconds, that it will be easy to take the ball away from the Argentinian player because he received it with his weak foot and there are two of them: one at his front and the other at his back.
They don't know that, a decade later, Peter Raid Jr. and Peter Beardsley Jr. will be friends, they will be fifteen and sixteen years old and they will be dancing at a London rave.
A Scotsman named O'Connor - who will later become a screenwriter for comedian Sacha Baron Cohen - will recognize them and, in the middle of the dance, will dodge them with a feint and a dribble. He will do it once, twice, three times, imitating the dance move that now, ten years before, the Argentine player practices on his parents.
Raid Jr. and Beardsley Jr. will not get the joke, so other rave participants will join O'Connor's mockery and a loop of dancers will form, in the form of a human train, dodging the boys in two stages. Peter Raid Jr. will be the first to understand the taunt, and will tell his friend, "It's because of our parents' video, the one from Mexico 86".
Peter Beardsley Jr. will make a gesture of humiliation and the two friends will escape from the party, chased by dozens of boys who will shout, in chorus, the name of the player who ten years ago, right now, is running away from his parents with a move of his waist.
Soon Raid Sr. and Beardsley Sr. will stop chasing the player: it will be the job of other teammates to try to stop him. They now remain frozen in the middle of a tape that time turns, in slow motion, from VHS to Youtube.
Now their children are five and six years old and will not remember seeing the player's dribble directly, but in their early teens they will see it a thousand times on video and will no longer have any respect for their parents.
Peter Raid and Peter Beardsley, still in midfield, don't know what exactly has happened in their lives to make it all fall apart.
Quickly and with short steps, the Argentinian player moves the scene to the opposite side of the pitch. He has only touched the ball three times in his own field: once to receive it and outwit the first Peter, the second to step on it gently and outflank the second Peter, and a third to push the ball away towards the dividing line.
When the ball crosses the chalk line, the player has covered ten of the fifty-two meters he will walk and has taken eleven of the forty-four steps he will have to take.
At thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-three seconds of midday shouts of astonishment come down from the stands and the asses of the radio announcers come off the seats in the transmission cabins: the free space that the player has just found on the right side, after the double dribble and his stride, makes everybody understand the danger.
Everybody except Kenny Sansom, who appears behind the two Peter's and chases the player with a parsimony that seems to be from another sport. Sansom accompanies the Argentinian player without despair, as if he was taking a young son for his first bike ride.
"You looked like if you were playing in training, for fucks sake," manager Bobby Robson tells him two hours later in the dressing room. "That wasn't you," his half-brother Allan will tell him a year later, both drunk, in a pub in Dublin.
Kenny Sansom will rewind the video a thousand times in the future. He'll see his lazy step, almost a trot, as the player slips away.
He will start, in November of that year, to have problems with gambling and alcohol. In the tabloids he will be nicknamed "White" Sansom because of his fondness for white wine.
His only friend from the golden age will be Terry Butcher, perhaps because both will share the same traumatic experience.
Butcher is the one who now, when the radio reporters and spectators in the stands are still standing, throws a failed tackle at the player advancing on his sideline. Butcher will chase the player madly and throw a second kick, this time with a murderous intent, in the apex of the small box.
Terry Butcher will also never overcome the ghost of those ten seconds at the Mexican midday. "He only dribbled the rest of my teammates once, but he dribbled me twice, the little bastard," he will tell the press many years later, with his eyes glazed over.
Kenny Sansom and Terry Butcher will never return to Mexico, not even to the tourist beaches far from Mexico City. In the future, without children or stable partners, they will have as a hobby (at almost sixty years old each) to get together to drink whisky on Thursday nights and invent new insults against the Argentinian player who now, unmarked, enters the big box with the ball stuck to his feet.
Before the start of the play, a man gives a bad pass. With that mistake, the story begins. He could have played backwards or to his right, but he decides to send the ball to the player who is less free. That man is called Hector Enrique and he stays motionless after the pass, with his hands on his waist. After that game he will never be able to separate from the player, as if an invisible string from that vertical pass was transformed, over time, into a magnetic field.
Enrique doesn't know it yet, but he will take part in a World Cup again, 24 years later and on African soil. He will be part of the coaching staff of a manager who, fatter and older, will have the same face as the young man who now runs in a zigzag. And he will end his career even further, in the United Arab Emirates, back on the right side of the player who, two seconds ago, was given a pass to the wrong foot.
For many nights in the future, in a strange country where women have to sit in the back seat of cars, Enrique will wonder what would have happened if, instead of that bad delivery, he had given the ball to Jorge Burruchaga, his second choice.
Burruchaga is the one who now runs parallel to the player through the midfield. It's the thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-four seconds and he's convinced that the player will give him the pass before entering the box, that he's just taking the defenders away to leave him alone in front of the three posts.
Burruchaga runs and looks at the player; with a body gesture he tells him "I'm free in the middle" and while he waits for the pass in vain he doesn't know that one day, some years later, he will accept a bribe in the French league and will be punished by the International Federation. Another misplaced delivery. But he, frozen in the present, still runs and waits for the pass that never comes.
Days later he will score the decisive goal of the final, but the world will only have eyes and memory for another goal. Year after year, tribute after tribute, his will not be the one most admired.
One night, Burruchaga will call to Saudi Arabia to talk with his friend Hector Enrique, and he will lament, a little jokingly, a little seriously, that goal scored by someone else that overshadowed the decisive goal of the final. Then Enrique will see a sandstorm out the window and, without intending to, will make him smile. "That goal wasn't so great," he'll say, "I gave him the pass, if he didn't scored it, it was to kill him".
Inside the pitch the wind is blowing at 12 kilometers per hour. If it had been blowing at 60 kilometers per hour, as it did in Mexico City six days later, the play might have not ended well.
The advance seems fast by an optical illusion, but the player regulates the rhythm, slows down and deceives. There is a secret geometry to the precision of that zigzag, a rigour that would have been broken by a change in the wind or the reflection of a wristwatch from the stands.
Terry Fenwick thinks about the variables of randomness as he showers crestfallen after defeat. Especially in one, the least far-fetched.
Before the game, Fenwick advised his manager Bobby Robson that it would be best to give the opposing player a man-to-man marking. Bobby responded that the marking would be zonal, as in previous games.
What would have happened if Robson had listened to him? asks himself Terry Fenwick, naked in the solitude of the dressing room, with water hitting his temples.
Right now, at thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-six seconds of midday, he sees the player arrive with the ball dominated; he thinks he's going to pass it into the centre of the box. Fenwick thinks the same as Burruchaga, he leans his whole body on his right leg to avoid the pass and leaves the left flank unlocked. The player, with a small jump, enters then through the free space, steps on the box and finds the three posts.
"Fuck", Terry Fenwick told the press in 1989, "he ruined my career in four seconds". Two years after the outburst, in 1991, Fenwick will spend four months in prison for drunk driving. He will say, by the middle of the next decade, that he would not shake hands with the Argentinian player if he saw him again.
At the same period, one of his daughters will turn eighteen. During the party, Terry Fenwick will find her kissing an Argentinian on a beach in Trinidad. He will recognize the boy's identity because of a blue and white jersey with the number ten on the back. Fenwick does not know it yet, but in his old age he will be coaching an unknown team called "San Juan Jabloteh" in Trinidad and Tobago, a country that played only one World Cup, but has beaches.
Fenwick will get drunk every day on the sand of those beaches. On the afternoon of his daughter's meeting with the Argentinian, he'll want to get close to the boy and beat him. The Argentinian will make a gesture to go out to the left and then escape to the right. Fenwick, again, will eat the feint.
Eight steps, out of forty-four, will give the player inside the box, and they will be enough to understand that the scenario is not auspicious.
There is one opponent breathing at his neck on his right, Terry Butcher; another on his left, Glenn Hoddle, prevents him from giving the ball to Burruchaga; Fenwick has recovered from the feint and now covers the possible pass backwards, and at the front, goalkeeper Peter Shilton closes into him from the near post.
The north, south and east are closed to any manoeuvres. It is now thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-seven seconds. Three more hours in Buenos Aires. Six more hours in London.
In any city in the world, at any time of the day or night, trying to get a shot on goal in the middle of that mess of legs is impossible, and the one who knows it best is Jorge Valdano, who arrives alone, very alone, on the left.
No one notices Valdano's existence, neither now in the box nor during primary school, in Santa Fe's town of Las Parejas.
Jorge Valdano sat reading novels by Emilio Salgari while his classmates played football during breaks, swirling around behind the ball. Football seemed like a basic game to him at the age of nine, but something happened to him at eleven: he understood the rules and knew, without surprise, that the other kids didn't practice it with intelligence.
He began to play with them and, while the rest chased the ball without strategy, he moved around the sidelines looking for the geometry of the sport.
And he was good. He played for two clubs in the town and was soon called from Rosario to play for Newell's youth teams; he made his debut in the Argentinian first division before he was eighteen. At twenty he was a world-youth champion in Toulon. At twenty-two he had already played for the senior national team.
But in those dizzying years he never loved the sport above all. If he was given a choice between a game among friends or a good novel, he always chose the book.
Until that moment in his thirties, Valdano was not sure he had chosen his true vocation. That's why now, as he waits for the pass, he finally feels that this could be his destiny, that perhaps he has come into the world to touch that ball and place it in the net.
He knows that the player's only option is to pass to the left. He has no other choice. As he steps into the box he thinks: "If he doesn't give it to me, I'll leave everything and become a writer."
But the player enters the box without looking at him. Neither Butcher, Fenwick, Hoddle nor Shilton are aware of him. Not even the cameraman, who follows the play with zoom, can pick him out in time. In the video, Valdano is a ghost who only shows his full body when the ball is in the apex of the small box. Jorge Valdano does not know it yet, but at the end of that tournament he will start writing short stories.
There is no greater enemy for an striker than the goalkeeper. The rest of the rivals can use the sneaky tackle or the knees for the thigh blow. It doesn't matter, they are legal weapons in a man's sport and the attacked can return the action on the next play.
But the goalkeeper, the guardian, the goalie, the keeper (like Lucifer's, their names are endless) can touch the ball with his hands.
The goalkeeper is an anomaly, an exception capable of undoing with his hands the best acrobatics that other men do with their feet. And until that day no outfield player had ever managed to repay that affront at a World Cup.
So now, when the player steps into the box and looks into the eyes of goalkeeper Peter Shilton (grey shirt, white gloves) he understands the hate in the Englishman's eyes.
Half an hour earlier, the Argentinian had avenged every attacker in the history of football: he had scored a goal with his hand. The strikers's palm had arrived before the goalkeeper's fist. In the rules of football this action is forbidden, but in the rules of another game, more inhumane than football, justice had been done.
That is why, at this crucial moment in history, at thirteen hours, twelve minutes and twenty-nine seconds, Peter Shilton knows he can get revenge. He knows full well that it is in his hands to disrupt the greatest goal of all times. He needs to do it, moreover, to return to his country as a hero.
Shilton was born in Leicester, 36 years before that Mexican midday. Already a living legend, he didn't need to make it to his first and last World Cup to prove it.
He doesn't know it yet, but he'll be playing professionally until he's forty-eight. In the future, he will play the leading role in many unforgettable saves which, added to those of the past, will make him the greatest English goalkeeper.
However (and he doesn't know this either) in the future there will be an encyclopedia, more famous than the Britannica, that will say about him: "Shilton, Peter: English goalkeeper who received, on the same day, the goals known as 'the hand of God' and 'of the century'.
That will be his karma and it's better that he doesn't know it, because he's still looking into the eyes of the approaching Argentinian player and he's covering his left post like his teachers taught him. He believes Terry Butcher can make it in time with the final tackle. "Maybe this will end in a corner," he thinks. "Maybe I can reach the ball with my fingertips."
Nor does he know that two years later a video game with his name will be released in Great Britain, entitled "Peter Shilton's Handball", or that his children will play it, in secret, during the 1992 holiday season.
It is better that he does not know the future now, because he must decide, right now, what the next move of the player will be. And he decides: Shilton plays to the left, throws himself to the ground and waits for the left-footed shot across. The Argentinian, who does know the future, chooses to play to the right.
Before touching the ball with his left foot for the last time, at the thirteen hours, twelve minutes and thirty seconds of the Mexican midday, the Argentinian player sees that he has left Peter Shilton behind; sees that Jorge Valdano is dragging Terry Fenwick; sees that Peter Raid, Peter Beardsley and Glenn Hoddle have been left on the road; sees Terry Butcher who throws himself at his feet with his boots spiked; sees Jorge Burruchaga who slows down his career with resignation; sees Hector Enrique, still stuck in the middle of the field, who makes a fist with his right hand; He sees his manager jumping off the bench as if he'd been sent off by a rocket and the other manager, the rival, looking down so as not to see the end of his advance; he sees a redheaded man with a smoking pipe on the first row of the stands; He sees the line of chalk on the opponent's goal and remembers the face of the worker who, during half-time, went over it with a roller; he clearly sees his brother the Turk who, aged seven, throws in his face a mistake he made at Wembley in a similar move; he sees his brother's lips full of caramel when he says:
"Next time, don't shoot it across, you little fool, you'd better do feint to the goalie and go right."
He sees his brother's face with the light of the kitchen where the scene took place, he sees the mischief with which he was looking at him; he sees, behind the goal, a sign that says Seiko in white letters on a blue background; he sees the green painted nails of his first girlfriend, the day he met her, and he sees that same girl, now a woman, breastfeeding a child; he sees a deflated ball and he sees himself, at the age of nine, trying to dominate it; he sees his mother and father dragging, with effort, a huge kerosene can along a dirt road where it has rained; he sees a box in a locker room in La Paternal, which bears his name and surname in bright letters, he sees his adolescent pride when he first reads his name and surname at his locker; he sees a stadium, its wooden boards, and he also sees that one day the whole stadium, and not just the locker, will bear his name.
The Argentinian player has controlled the air in his lungs for nine seconds, and now he is about to release all the air in one breath.
Unlike all the opponents and teammates he has left behind, he can breathe with his left leg, and can also sense the future as he moves forward with the ball at his feet.
He sees, ahead of time, that Shilton will throw himself to the right; he sees Terry Butcher's murderous intention behind him, he sees himself, many years later, with a grandson in his arms, visiting the entrance of the Azteca Stadium where a bronze statue with no name stands: just a young player with a proud chest, a ball at his feet and a date engraved on the base: June 22, 1986; he sees a rave in London where two fifteen-year-old boys escape from a mocking crowd; he sees a shady apartment where there is only one table, two friends and a mirror on the table; he sees a girl on a tropical beach who lets herself be kissed by a boy wearing an Argentina shirt; He sees a swarm of journalists and photographers outside every airport, every terminal, every stadium and every shopping mall in the world; he sees a boy playing a video game in the city of Leicester while his brother watches through the window to make sure his father doesn't show up; he sees the body of an old man who died in Switzerland eight days before that midday, a man who also saw all the things in the world in a single moment.
He sees Fiorito at day; he sees Napoli at afternoon; he sees Barcelona at night.
He sees Boca's stadium about to burst and he's in the middle of the pitch but he doesn't have a ball on his feet but a microphone in his hand; he sees an old man at Carthage's airport, waiting for his son on the last flight from Mexico, to hug and comfort him; he sees a swollen ankle; he sees a Red Cross nurse, chubby and smiling; he sees all the goals he's scored and the ones he'll score; he sees all the goals he's shouted and the ones he'll shout; he sees himself, at fifty-three years old, watching from a balcony the world's final at the Maracaná; he sees the day when he will see his mother for the last time; he sees the night when he will see his father for the last time; he sees all his children's children grow up; he sees the pains of a woman who is about to give birth to a left-footed child in Rosario, one year and two days later than that Mexican midday; he sees a minimal, impossible, unreachable space between the right post and Terry Butcher's boot.
He closes his eyes. He lets himself fall forward, with his body bowed, and the whole world becomes silent.
The player knows that he has taken forty-four steps and twelve touches, all with his left foot. He knows the move will take ten seconds and six decimals. Then he thinks it is time to explain to everyone who he is, who he has been and who he will be until the end of time.

10,6 seconds by Hernan Casciari in "Messi is a dog & other football stories" (2016).

submitted by LordVelaryon to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.05.31 20:25 jcollywobble Which part of the UK produces the best footballers? (Experiment) (Part 4)

Here we are again, with my penultimate post relating to this experiment. I will reveal the final five teams below and will also introduce a prediction game in which you can to predict how the season will pan out once I simulate on FM. If you’re new to this and how it will work, have a look at the previous three posts below.
Part 1 – Explains how the experiment will work and reveals the first five teams.
Part 2 – Reveal of Teams 5-10 and maps of the split of the regions.
Part 3 – Reveal of Teams 10-15.
As someone quite rightly pointed out in the previous post, Chris Wilder should have been made manager of the South Yorkshire & Humber team rather than Neil Warnock (I originally wrongly had Wilder down as the manager of the North & West Yorkshire team), so that’s been changed for the experiment going forward.
Moving on to the teams, featuring the remainder of the English Counties and the Scottish and Northern Irish contingent, we have some interesting names including a certain Borussia Dortmund striker, the most successful British football manager of all time and a handful of Champions League winners.
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Team 16 – North & West Yorks’ -North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire – Population: 3,434,422 Media Prediction: 10th - Title Odds: 40-1
Manager – Steve McClaren (York, Unemployed)

https://preview.redd.it/3r46ld1675251.png?width=565&format=png&auto=webp&s=7192df704e8b6d1c37de9a355842a6ef333cee44
Likely Starting XI
The region of Yorkshire would have finished 12th in the 2012 Olympics medal table if considered an independent country, the impressive production of line of sportsmen also includes some decent footballers as shown by the quality included within the South Yorkshire team. The North & West Yorkshire team doesn’t quite have the same level of ability however does boast some exciting names.
Steve McClaren, nicknamed ‘the wally with the brolly’ as part of his unsuccessful spell as England manager failing to qualify for Euro 2008, will manage the North & West Yorks’ side. McClaren has managed in Germany, Holland and England since then and guided FC Twente to their first ever Eredivisie title in 2009. Since then, he has rather unsuccessful spells at the likes of Newcastle, QPR and Wolfsburg.
The standout name within this team is the Norwegian wonderkid Erling Braut Haaland, who surprisingly was born in Leeds when his Dad Alfe-Inge was playing for Leeds in the late nineties. Haaland has been an absolute revelation in the past year and has scored for fun, even since joining Dortmund he has in averaging almost a goal a game. Haaland will be part of an exciting young attacking trio alongside Mason Greenwood and Oli McBurnie which will certainly be full of raw talent and ability with an enormous amount of potential.
Amongst the rest of the team, James Milner is the most experienced player by a long way, Milner seems to get better with age and will probably put in a decent shift in any position with McClaren chooses to deploy him. Fabian Delph and Leeds’ Kalvin Phillips will form a tireless midfield duo and are both arguably premier league standard players who will make a big impact in the team. Bournemouth’s Lewis Cook who has been once capped for England will also throw his name in the hat to be a part of McClaren’s starting midfield.
In defence, Norwich’s Ben Godfrey looks to be the standout player (apart from Milner) and will probably partner either Andre Wisdom or Connor Goldson at the back depending what system McClaren adopts. The number one shirt will go to Cardiff’s Alex Smithies, who has featured 21 times for Cardiff in the championship in the year so far and will offer a reliable choice in net, although probably won’t do anything spectacular.
Haalands goals alongside Miners experience could prove vital to McClaren’s men having a good season as there doesn’t appear to be a great deal of quality to warrant a better finish than the currently predicted 10th place
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Team 17 – North-East & Borders - County Durham, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, East Midlothian, Edinburgh City, Midlothian, Scottish Borders - Population: 3,127,298 Media Prediction: 11th - Title Odds: 45-1
Manager – Gordon Strachan (Edinburgh, Unemployed)

https://preview.redd.it/0ffhm8ma75251.png?width=551&format=png&auto=webp&s=2ff11e279d01dc2e02544417d30f2c4e1d459d6b
Likely Starting XI
The North-East of England is a football mad region which has produced amazing players in the past, including the likes of Chris Waddle, Gazza, Peter Beardsley, Michael Carrick and of course the legendary Alan Shearer. In terms of the Scottish contingent of the squad, Edinburgh is less known for producing football players compared to the other big Scottish city Glasgow, however the manager, Edinburgh-born Gordon Strachan will be representing the Scots.
Out of the 25 players, only 3 Scottish born players make the squad, all of whom will probably be fringe players. The squad unfortunately doesn’t match the level of ability of its predecessors from the region. Sunderland academy products Jordan Pickford and Jordan Henderson, who lifted the champions league trophy last year, are the two stand out players from this region. Pickford has been England’s first choice goalkeeper for the past few years and is one of the better keepers in this league.
Alongside Henderson in the midfield will be one of the Longstaff brothers who have both came through the Newcastle academy. Sean had his breakthrough season last season whilst brother Matty has emerged within the current season. Both brothers are a similar type of player with younger brother, Matty has a bit more energy and probably offers a more balanced option alongside Henderson.
Another Borussia Dortmund youngster who was born in the UK, Giovanni Reyna, features in the attacking midfield. Gio was born in Sunderland of all places, when his Dad Claudio was playing in the North-East. Reyna is predicted to start in the number ten role behind either Leigh Griffiths or 9 time England capped and £35m man (at one point) Andy Carroll. Carroll has largely had a career of injuries and under-performances since his big money move to Liverpool but will always be a handful for defenders.
In defence, the squad features some decent premier league players, including the likes of Ben Gibson, Chris Basham, Dan Burn and Welsh international Paul Dummett. Unfortunately, the strength in defence is largely in the central positions with the full back positions looking a lot weaker by comparison.
Overall a decent team that should be in and around the mid table positions come the end of the season. Pickford and the defence should hope to keep the clean sheets to take the pressure off the attacking part of the team.
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Team 18 – N.I & SW Scotland - Northern Ireland, Isle of Man, Dumfries and Galloway, East Ayrshire, East Renfrewshire, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire, Renfrewshire, South Ayrshire, South Lanarkshire- Population: 3,082,203 Media Prediction: 13th - Title Odds: 150-1
Manager – Brendan Rodgers (Carnlough, Leicester City)

https://preview.redd.it/wm5zkb0o75251.png?width=538&format=png&auto=webp&s=1671f22d0ffe5785ff8420a1d4ab7dfee6673ba7
Likely Starting XI
The team featuring Northern Ireland and my place of birth, I’ll be backing Rodgers’ men for when I come to simulate the season. I’ve also included Isle of Man (who technically aren’t in the UK, but I’ve thrown them in for the inclusion of a particular player. As mentioned, Brendan Rodgers will take charge of this team which could’ve had either Martin or Michael O’Neill at the helm and he will be hoping to take this team higher than their predicted finish of 13th. The squad has a wealth of international experience featuring 743 international caps between them from players representing Northern Ireland, Scotland and the Republic of Ireland.
The squad’s composition is made up of 14 Northern Irishmen, 10 Scots and the one player born in the Isle of Man, Kieran Tierney who plays his international football for Scotland. Tierney is probably the key player in the squad and there may have a been a bit of bias about his inclusion to boost the chances of this team. Nonetheless he is part of a decent defence which includes 3 time premier league winner and 80-time Northern Ireland capped Jonny Evans. Amongst the rest of defence, there is Watford’s Craig Cathcart, Brighton’s Shane Duffy and Grant Hanley.
The midfield and attack are underwhelming and features only one player currently playing in the premier league. However, James Forrest offers a threat from the right wing and will be hoping to use his pace and trickery to full effect. On the other flank will probably be James McClean who no doubt would turn his nose up at representing this region if called upon in reality.
Leading the line will be either of the ageing duo of Steven Naismith or Kyle Lafferty who would offer a more direct option for Rodgers’ men. Finally, in goal, Craig Gordon should provide a decent option and has played in the premier league in the past.
Despite my allegainces to this team, I’m not too hopeful considering the squad above, but fingers crossed Brendan can work his magic and a top ten finish would be a success!
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Team 19 – Northern Scotland - Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll and Bute, Clackmannanshire, Dundee City, East Dunbartonshire, Falkirk, Fife, Glasgow City, Highlands, North Lanarkshire, Orkney Islands, Perth and Kinross, Shetland Islands, Stirling, West Dunbartonshire, West Lothian - Population: 3,405,207 Media Prediction: 7th - Title Odds: 25-1
Manager – Alex Ferguson (Glasgow, Man United (Technical Director))

https://preview.redd.it/vv1kvxzt75251.png?width=564&format=png&auto=webp&s=1a9706ddaf93804892888362dff207a8735eeb65
Likely Starting XI
Yes, that’s right, the most successful football manager of all time is coming out of retirement to participate in this experiment. I had some doubts over the inclusion of Fergie as he’s not technically still in management, nonetheless I thought I’d throw him in as he is still classed as being able to manage on FM and it could add another mini-experiment in the context of this to see how Fergie would do coming back to management with this type of squad at 78 years of age.
The remaining counties of Scotland represent this team and, like the previous squad, has plenty of international of experience. Champions League winner and probably the best left back in the league, Andy Robertson, is the key player in this team and adds some quality to the defence which doesn’t appear to be anything special outside Robertson with the remaining defenders largely being at mid table SPL clubs.
The midfield of this team is certainly the strength, FM predicts Celtic duo Callum McGregor and Scott Brown to sit in a pivot in front of the defence. Both players provide a balanced midfield and have experience playing in Celtic’s dominant spell in Scottish football. James McCarthy will also make a decent option if the managers decides to play with a three in midfield. In front of those two, will be an attacking trio of premier league players Ryan Fraser, Robert Snodgrass and Stefan Armstrong. Fraser, in particular, will be a threat with his direct running and ability to beat his man on the wing.
The striker position, however, appears to be lacking quality. FM is predicting Dundee United man, Lawrence Shankland, to start upfront although Ferguson also has the option of Ross McCormack who has previously been prolific in the championship for both Leeds and Fulham.
It will be interesting to see what effect the manager has on this team, theoretically the team should overperform with an excellent manager and that’s perhaps why they are predicted to finish 7th.
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Team 20 – Western England - Cheshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Worcestershire - Population: 3,237,053 Media Prediction: 15th - Title Odds: 250-1
Manager – Adrian Heath (Newcastle-under-Lyme, Minnesota United)

https://preview.redd.it/0h6tixrx75251.png?width=581&format=png&auto=webp&s=d2ebc7498c6e10c6822e476f56ac83b45528283f
Likely Starting XI
And, the final team in the experiment as you may have noticed is a strange combination of counties. This region was put together as the result of my mistake of having to construct a region made up of the qualifying population after incorrectly dividing the UK into 19 teams and having to pull a group of counties together from the other regions I’d already selected.
Managing this team will be former Everton and Burnley footballer Adrian Heath. Heath has managed in the USA since 2008 after brief spells at Burnley and Sheffield United in the late nineties. An unfamiliar name to most in terms of management, it remains to be seen what impact he will have.
Onto the players. At first glance the teams appear to be made up of a group of washed up premier league players with a sprinkle of young talent. Typifying this is the goalkeeping position, Joe Hart and Tom Heaton, will compete for the number one jersey alongside young Bournemouth keeper Aaron Ramsdale. It seems like most of the other regions would be begging for any one of these three considering the lack of ability in this position at most of the other teams.
In defence, the trend continues with the likes of Stoke duo James Chester and Ryan Shawcross who are alongside Jack Robinson and Curtis Nelson in the centre back position. The squad has a decent amount of ability in the midfield, which includes Jesse Lingard who more well known for his off the field social media antics than his ability on the pitch. Bournemouth’s David Brooks will probably play behind the striker whilst another of Leicester’s title winners, Marc Albrighton, will play on the left.
An ageing Steven Fletcher will probably play upfront with competition from Millwall’s Tom Bradshaw and Preston’s Louis Moult who don’t appear to be having great seasons to date.
15th is probably about right for this squad although the relative inexperience of Adrian Heath could have an impact on how the season goes.
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I hope you’ve all enjoyed the reveal of the teams in the last four posts and my write-ups which have taken a fair bit of time. In the next post, I’ll be showing the results of the experiment which will be simulated in Football Manager 2020 and also the results of the prediction game. I thought it would be fun to predict what will happen in the simulation, so if you want to participate add a comment with your predictions for the following (I’ve added my guesses in too). The previous posts are linked at the top of this page if you want a refresher on who’s playing for who. The awards will be decided by FM as a result of the individual players performance over the course of the season and I will also be adding a cup competition which will probably be knockout-based to run alongside the league.
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Predictions
Top four (1 pt for Top four, 2 pt for correct position)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Bottom three (1 pt for bottom three, 2pt for correct position)
18.
19.
20.
Cup Winner -
Player Awards:
Top goalscorer -
Most Assists
Most Clean sheets
Player of the Year
Manager of the Year
Young player of the Year -
submitted by jcollywobble to soccer [link] [comments]


2020.05.05 00:30 Ekaj121314 Gaming PC Build

What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.
What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?
When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.
What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse/etc)
Which country (and state/province) will you be purchasing the parts in? If you're in US, do you have access to a Microcenter location?
If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.
Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or GPU?
Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)
What type of network connectivity do you need? (Wired and/or WiFi) If WiFi is needed and you would like to find the fastest match for your wireless router, please list any specifics.
Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?
Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?
Extra info or particulars:
submitted by Ekaj121314 to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2020.04.20 01:30 wealdwulf First timer in need of help

What will you be doing with this PC? Be as specific as possible, and include specific games or programs you will be using.
What is your maximum budget before rebates/shipping/taxes?
When do you plan on building/buying the PC? Note: beyond a week or two from today means any build you receive will be out of date when you want to buy.
What, exactly, do you need included in the budget? (ToweOS/monitokeyboard/mouse/etc)
If reusing any parts (including monitor(s)/keyboard/mouse/etc), what parts will you be reusing? Brands and models are appreciated.
Will you be overclocking? If yes, are you interested in overclocking right away, or down the line? CPU and/or
Are there any specific features or items you want/need in the build? (ex: SSD, large amount of storage or a RAID setup, CUDA or OpenCL support, etc)
Do you have any specific case preferences (Size like ITX/microATX/mid-towefull-tower, styles, colors, window or not, LED lighting, etc), or a particular color theme preference for the components?
Do you need a copy of Windows included in the budget? If you do need one included, do you have a preference?
**Extra info or particulars:**
Never owned a proper PC, never built one. Don't know anything about any of the details. It's okay if the build will be a little out of date, won't it? I'm not looking for peak performance really, I just want something that'll be good and will be able to tackle some next gen games. 4k is just something I like the idea of having, if you can get me that around this price range then great, if not, just downgrade to 2k or whatever. Thanks for helping
submitted by wealdwulf to buildapcforme [link] [comments]


2020.04.13 20:16 b00ty_water 10 UK motorcycle loops

1. The North Coast 500
Where does it start? Inverness Where does it end? Inverness How long is it? 500 miles
Why is it great? The NC500 is the ultimate road trip on your doorstep; easy to get too, great scenery, challenging roads, good facilities and lots of opportunities to take in your own detours or side routes. The designation of the NC500 has also given people an easy route to follow and a sticker for the bike at the end.
What do I need to know? In the height of summer it can get busy, with the single-lane roads on the west coast struggling to cope. The shoulder season of April/May and SeptembeOctober might be preferable, with quieter roads, fewer midges and often better weather than in the summer. The road over the Pass of the Cattle into Applecross remains one of the great riding roads and can be challenging in adverse conditions, which are common. Food at the Applecross Inn is notoriously good, and the road around the peninsula to Torridon is another highlight. There’s a free campsite by the YHA in Torridon, with youth hostels an affordable and convenient way of touring the loop without spending a fortune. Fuel is often a concern but many of the villages along the way have 24hour automated fuel pumps, and even the smallest of fuel tanks should be able to cope. Just be wary of Sundays where some of the older stations don’t open. In terms of time, while it is possible to do the NC500 in three days or less, to enjoy it fully a good five days would be best advised, as the pace is slow and the opportunities to stop plentiful. Don’t rush it if you don’t have to.
Anything else? You can find out more and plan your route here: www.northcoast500.com
2. 63 miles of hills and happiness
Where does it start? Woolacombe Where does it end? Bridgwater How long is it? 63 miles
Why is it great? It’s one of the most uninterrupted coastal runs in the country, passing through cliff-top moorland at the top of Exmoor National Park, down the steepest of hills and having some quaint Devonshire villages to stop at on route.
What do I need to know? From Woolacombe, the route runs along the A3123 to Berry Down Cross, then hang a left at Blackmoor Gate to pick up the A39 that you’ll remain on for the next 50miles, all the way into Bridgwater. A good deviation is to take the side roads in the direction of Martinhoe, turning left immediately after the Lynton and Barnstaple Narrow Gauge Railway Adventure centre (when riding west to east), heading down to the cliff tops and then down through the narrow lanes, past Lee Abbey with the £2 donation box, and on through the stunning Valley of the Rocks, before coming out at the back of Lynton.
Anything Else? There are some lovely villages on the way; Lynton and Lynmouth, then Porlock a little further along. The harbour front of Lynmouth is particularly pleasant, with a good selection of eateries. Watch the hill down into Porlock – it’s steep and twisty, especially the last corner. The road flattens out from there all the way into Bridgwater, which is a big town with a sizeable Riders of Bridgwater bike shop complete with a good value cafe. Continue onto Land’s End using only coastal roads for the ultimate coastal adventure.
3. Making for the Highlands
Where does it start? Crocketford Where does it end? Inveraray How long is it? 135 miles
Why is it great? It takes you from the borders of Scotland all the way up to Inveraray – the self-titled gateway to the Highlands – without having to traipse through the Glasgow/Edinburgh corridor.
What do I need to know? The route starts in the village of Crocketford, just to the west of Dumfries, heads up to Ayr on the A712 and A713, before following the A78 around to Greenock to the west of Port Glasgow, where you take a short ferry across to Dunoon. From here you can ride the main A815 alongside Loch Eck, then around the stunning Loch Fyne to Inveraray. The ferry to Dunoon is operated by Western Ferries, with a 20minute crossing and ferries leaving every 15 minutes at peak times. The cost is £4.50 for the bike, and another £4.50 per passenger; you can pay on deck with card or cash. Once across, and if you have the time, a worthwhile deviation is to take the B836 just out of Dunoon, in the direction of Clachan of Glendaruel, where you’ll also find a great campsite. This road is narrow and freshly laid, with passing places and well worth the effort. From there it’s a simple run around Loch Fyne to Inveraray, with several hotels offering good food and accommodation.
Anything else? Pack your waterproofs!
4. The Trans European Trail
Where does it start? Newhaven Ferry Port, East Sussex Where does it end? North Shields, Tyne and Wear How long is it? 1634 miles
Why is it great? It’s the first fully mapped legal trail route through mainland Europe; a total of 2112 miles in length, with 1634 of those miles through the UK.
What do I need to know? The TET is the brainchild of UK trail rider John Ross, who saw the success of the Trans America Trail – a dirt road route across almost the full width of America – and set about working with a team of ‘linesman’ throughout Europe to map out a completely free and downloadable route from the foot of Spain all the way to the top of Norway. The route through the UK isn’t entirely non-tarmac, as some of it relies on linking sections between the legal trails, but the real draw is in the ease of being able to follow the route, and the community that’s grown up around it, with riders across Europe sharing tips and advice. Some of the trail is accessible to large capacity adventure machines – especially those with the right tyres – like stretches of the Fosse Way and the Ridgeway, but other parts – notably the Lake District – are better suited to lightweight trail bikes in or around the 250cc class, as these stretches can be quite challenging.
Anything else? You can download the route from the main website: www.transeurotrail.org. The Facebook page is also a good place to head for up to date information and advice from those who have ridden the route: www.facebook.com/groups/Transeurotrail.org
5. East Coast discovery route
Where does it start? Skegness Where does it end? Whitby How long is it? 180 miles
Why is it great? A taste of the old English seaside resorts of the East Coast, mixed with some stunning roads across the Yorkshire moorland.
What do I need to know? Starting in Skegness as a suggestion, where cheap accommodation makes for an early start the next morning, the route traces up the east coast, through Mablethorpe and out into the Lincolnshire Wolds to the Humber Bridge. Over the Humber Bridge and if you have the time head east all the way out to Withernsea and follow the coast from there. That road is particularly good; quiet, twisty, well sighted, with Flamborough Head worth stopping at once you get to the top. On to Scarborough and the A171 all the way up to Whitby. This is a lovely road with some nice sweeping corners, though watch out for some of the hidden dips and corkscrews. Whitby itself is a highlight of the UK in my book, with some good YHA accommodation at the Abbey if you’re after something different, and cheap.
Anything else? From Whitby, a good route if you’re heading south is to loop across to the North York Moors and come back down through that. The main road – the A169 – back down to Pickering is the quickest way but for more interest head down into Goathland (where Heartbeat was filmed) and ride out the back of it to the west, where a network of quiet single-track lanes fan out south and west, such as Wheeldale Road. The market town of Helmsley is a good spot for bikers, so perhaps use that as your final destination, with Hutton-le-Hole, just to the east, a picture postcard Yorkshire village worth passing through. Watch for the wandering sheep!
6. Plodding through the Peak District
Where does it start? Matlock Where does it end? Hebden Bridge How long is it? 80 miles
Why is it great? The Peak District can be a particularly busy place given that it’s surrounded by cities, but if you take a route up through the middle – especially on a weekday – then it can feel as remote and wild as you want it to.
What do I need to know? This route shuns the obvious ones such as the Cat and Fiddle and Snake Pass as they are often crowded and have a high police presence. From the A6 head north to Rowsley where you take a right up towards Chatsworth House, for a nice scenic run through the grounds. From Baslow you could take the A623 straight up to Chapel en le Firth but that would be missing out the good riding up towards Castleton and the Edale loop, the highlight of this being the climb up through Winnats Pass; a bit like Cheddar Gorge but without all the tourist tat. Castleton has some great local pubs to eat at and sleep at, as well as a cheap campsite up on the hill as well as a well-priced YHA. From Chapel-en-le-Frith, take the road up to Glossop, then the B6105 north alongside the Torside Reservoir and across the Woodhead Reservoir. Rather than straight up to Holmfirth – though you can if you like – take the A6024 that branches off to the left and runs up and over Holme Moss. From here you reach Holme, forking to the left along Fieldhead Lane, heading in the direction of Meltham. From Meltham you want Marsden then Denshaw, before passing beneath the M62 as you progress north to Ripponden. From Ripponden head west on the A58 before turning right onto the B6138 alongside Blackstone Edge Reservoir. This takes you the back way into Hebden Bridge, which is a great launch place for exploring the Yorkshire Dales to the North.
Anything else? Take care on the narrow lanes, as mud can often be on the road and corners aren’t always well sighted. The focus on this run through the Peak District is the scenery, not so much the balls-out riding.
7. To a Yorkshireman’s wedding
Where does it start? Skipton Where does it end? Gretna How long is it? 132 miles
Why is it great? Through stunning Yorkshire, this isn’t fast riding, but can be challenging in parts and is a million miles from the hustle and bustle of the Yorkshire towns and cities.
What do I need to know? From Skipton head quickly up Settle where you’ll find some good eateries such as Ye Olde Naked Man. From there take the winding B6479 up to the Ribblehead Viaduct on the Settle to Carlisle line – ride down to beneath the viaduct via the service road if time allows. Otherwise heard north east to Hawes, with the Wensleydale Creamery a worthwhile stop as you pass through. Two options now to get to Kirby Stephen; either west on the A684 then north on the B6259, or alternatively head north in the direction of Thwaites along the Buttertubs Pass. This can be a wild route if the weather’s bad, turning left in Thwaite to follow the moorland B6270 all the way into Kirby Stephens. Alternatively turn north off the Buttertubs Pass to visit Tan Hill Inn, the highest pub in the UK. A nice run from here is north to Brough, across the A66 and out on the B6272 towards Middleton-in-Teesdale. This route, now the B6277, is a nice run north towards Alston, with one option to take a dog leg on the road across to St John’s Chapel, a recently resurfaced road across a valley and a lovely run before turning left to take the A689 down into Alston, past the Killhope North of England Lead Mining Museum.
Anything else? A great place to stay is the biker friendly Haggs Bank Bunkhouse and camping in Nenthall, just outside Alston. It’s run by a keen biker and perfectly set up to take groups.
8. The Welsh Valley Retreat
Where does it start? Chepstow Where does it end? Aberystwyth How long is it? 100 miles
Why is it great? From the rat run of the south west all the way out to the quietest coast of the UK, passing through the stunning Brecon Beacons, up to Rhayader and out through the Elan Valley, there’s some great riding to be had.
What do I need to know? The A466 north from Chepstow to Monmouth is idyllic as it winds its way along the River Wye, passing the worthwhile rest-stop of the Tintern Abbey ruins, with good food served in the pub beside it. West here on the A40 takes you onto the Brecon Beacons, with it down to you as to how much time you have to explore the area. Brecon itself is a good place to base yourself, and the most fun to be had is on the narrow lanes that cross the Beacons, such as the sealed section of the Sarn Helen, between Sennybridge and Penderyn. The A4069, otherwise known as the Black Mountain Pass, is a well known route and worth doing, but it can get busy in the summer and does take you a fair way out to the West of the Beacons. On the A483 you can make your back up to Rhayader, with the café at Crossgates – just to the east of Rhayader – a popular place for bikers. Rhayader itself also has good facilities and lodging options. West out of Rhayader, take the B4518 briefly, before turning right signposted Mountain Road. This is the run that takes you all the way out along the top of the Elan Valley, following the road to Devil’s Bridge Falls. This is a narrow but stunning road, with the ruins of copper mines and big views over the valleys, before the final run down into Rhayader. From there, Wales is your oyster.
Anything else? Nothing, just have fun!
9. The North East 250
Where does it start? Glenshee Where does it end? Glenshee How long is it? 250 miles
Why’s it great? This is a new one to the list, an initiative mimicking the overwhelmingly popular NC500 and designed to attract tourists to the east of Scotland. It’s likely to be great as it’ll be significantly quieter than the NC500 at peak season.
What do I need to know? The people behind the NE250 reckon it’s the ultimate road trip to the heart of Scotland; “Consisting of 250 miles, Scotland's newest tourist route takes you through Speyside, the Cairngorms, Royal Deeside, Aberdeen, the East Coast and the Moray Coast. Through each of these sectors you can explore everything for which Scotland is famous, whether that be whisky, golf, mountains, nature or history and heritage, to name a few. “There are three main starting points of the North East 250 route; Ballindalloch, Aberdeen Airport, and through Glenshee. Whether you’re arriving from near or far, you won’t be disappointed as you explore the castles, wildlife, coastal villages, stunning beaches, golf courses, mountains, forests, distilleries, and everything else the heart of Scotland has to offer.”
*Anything else? * It’s not got the remote, scenic views of the NC500, but you can start planning your North East 250 road trip to the heart of Scotland at www.northeast250.com
10. Big lakes and high passes - The Windermere loop
Where does it start? Windermere Where does it end? Windermere How long is it? 65 miles
Why’s it great? The Lake District has a lot to offer, even in the space of a day. Start from Windermere, take the boat across to the west shore and start exploring. There’s the famous Wrynose Pass as well as the steepest pass of them all, Hardknott. If you have the time you could even venture further to the north to ride the Honister Pass. Picturesque villages and unspoilt views make for a scenic exploration, with any bike capable of roaming these parts; in some ways, the smaller the better. The ride along the shores of Coniston Waters is a pleasant one, with all facilities found in Coniston village.
What do I need to know? Nothing really. Just go out and enjoy it. There are good cafés around, and with a decent map it’s very hard to get lost in the Lake District as most of the routes are circular.
Anything else? The good thing about the Lake District is that it’s very easy to link it up with runs around the Peak District, Yorkshire Dales and Forest of Bowland. Five days in this region could see you riding some of the best roads in this list of ten. Make them weekdays in the shoulder season and it wouldn’t even be busy, and accommodation options would be plentiful.
submitted by b00ty_water to HarleyUK [link] [comments]


2020.04.08 13:25 Fwoggie2 Covid-19 update Wednesday 8th April

Good morning from the UK. For those people whose days blur into one another, today is a Wednesday. For any fellow Brits who haven’t realised yet, this Friday is Good Friday which means Monday is a bank holiday. 4 day weekend for us!
The UK and US continue to grab most of the global headlines - the UK due to the plight of its prime minister Boris Johnson (the TLDR there is that he’s still in intensive care, his condition is unchanged). The US is grabbing the headlines because of the sheer volume of cases / deaths in the country plus also for some of the quotes being given and actions being taken by President Trump.
Today’s round up is Guardian heavy. Sorry if you’re not a fan of them, I was pushed for time.

Virus news in depth


Coronavirus: UK will have Europe's worst death toll, says study - If you’re British like me this is rather frightening; the Guardian reports (Link) that “world-leading disease data analysts” (their phrase not mine) have projected that the UK will become the country worst hit by the coronavirus pandemic in Europe, accounting for more than 40% of total deaths across the continent. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in Seattle predicts 66,000 UK deaths from Covid-19 by August, with a peak of nearly 3,000 a day, based on a steep climb in daily deaths early in the outbreak. The analysts also claim discussions over “herd immunity” led to a delay in the UK introducing physical distancing measures, which were brought in from 23 March in England when the coronavirus daily death toll was 54. Portugal, by comparison, had just one confirmed death when distancing measures were imposed. The IHME modelling forecasts that by 4 August the UK will see a total of 66,314 deaths. Spain is projected to have 19,209 deaths by the same date, Italy 20,300 and France 15,058. All three countries have imposed tougher lockdown measures than the UK. (Personal note for fellow Brits, 66k = a town the size of Paignton in Devon, Rochester in Kent, Loughborough in Leicestershire, Dewsbury in W Yorks or Washington in Tyne and Wear. I expect we will hear a lot more about this herd immunity and in particular Dominic Cummings once the pandemic ebbs away; Cummings will probably be thrown under the bus for it).

Fears of crisis in global car finance markets as owners seek payments help - Fears are growing of a crisis in the UK’s £75bn car loan market, where 6.5m vehicles have been financed through leasing deals with monthly payments that are already proving unaffordable for some laid-off as a result of the coronavirus says the Guardian (link). The Finance and Leasing Association (FLA), which represents the credit arms of the car manufacturers as well as the banks, said: “It’s early days in terms of quantifying the impact on arrears, but the number of forbearance requests has grown significantly in recent weeks.” Britain’s car market rests on billions in debt taken out by consumers, many of whom may now struggle to pay. Around nine out of 10 of the 2.3m new cars sold in a typical year in Britain are paid for using some sort of financing provided by an FLA member. The most common purchase method has been personal contract plans (PCP), where a buyer puts down a deposit and then rents the vehicle for two to three years at a monthly cost, typically around £250. Problems in the UK car loans market may pale into insignificance compared with the colossal scale of auto lending in the US, which totals $1.3tn (£1tn). Some of it has been securitised into bonds that bear echoes of “subprime” lending common before the financial crisis of 2007-08. Around $30bn of new subprime vehicle loans were issued in 2019, and there have been reports of some lenders verifying the income of just 8% of borrowers – whose loans are then bundled into bonds sold on Wall Street as an income stream for investors. However, the US Federal Reserve has already stepped in with a programme to support “asset-backed securities”, including bonds holding auto loans.

Trump threatens to hold WHO funding, then backtracks, amid search for scapegoat - The Guardian has written a critical article on Trump again, saying he hunted for a new scapegoat on Tuesday in an increasingly frantic attempt to shift blame for thousands of American deaths from the coronavirus, accusing the World Health Organization (WHO) of having “called it wrong” and being “China-centric”. Trump’s early inaction has come under renewed scrutiny in the past day after a New York Times report that Peter Navarro, Trump’s trade adviser, warned in a memo in late January that the virus could put millions of Americans at risk and cost trillions of dollars. Susan Rice, a former national security adviser, told the Washington Post that Trump’s missteps “cost tens of thousands of American lives”. The president has repeatedly denied responsibility and sought to blame China, the Obama administration and the media. On Tuesday, with the US death toll exceeding 12,000, he unleashed a tirade at the WHO, even though it raised the alarm in January, after which he made statements downplaying it and comparing it to the common flu. “They’ve been wrong about a lot of things,” Trump said at the daily White House coronavirus task force briefing. “And they had a lot of information early and they didn’t want to – they seemed to be very China centric” – implying that the WHO had toed the line of Beijing’s early efforts to minimise the scale of the outbreak.

Virus news in brief


Source: Guardian daily blog or CNN daily blog unless specified otherwise.



















Supply chain news in depth


Coronavirus: The Road to Economic and Social Recovery; We will recover, but how will we know when? - Descartes Labs, a geospatial imagery analytics startup based in California has written an interesting piece on medium.com (link) on how we may be able to use big data to understand when the economy will begin to recover. Remote sensing refers to data collected from satellites, aircraft, and distributed sensors that can provide information about the earth and help us understand human activities at a macro scale. While it is possible to understand the economic consequences of coronavirus through news reports and surveys, remote sensing provides direct observations that can be aggregated on a large scale and automatically processed for real-time insights. Descartes Labs, has developed a set of tracking and monitoring tools that can be used by businesses to understand consumer and supply chain activities that are critically important to revenues which harness aggregated mobility tracking, location-specific activity tracking, regional NO2 tracking and supply-chain tracking.

Logistics Manager Editor’s Blog: Has COVID-19 shown we have an e-commerce problem? - The editor of Logistics manager magazine (which has a UK lean in the topics it covers) has written an article reviewing the ecommerce sector. “If there is an area of the economy that is thriving right now it the supermarket sector. Yet limited delivery slots meant that only 14.6% of households received an online delivery in the four weeks to 22 March, up from 13.8% in March 2019 but most-likely well below actual demand. The truth is that as much as the logistics sector likes to celebrate its considerable achievements in the migration to e-commerce, some businesses were too stuck in the tried and traditional ways of working to actually reach the peaks. COVID-19 will change well-understood behavioural economics. Consumers won’t be the same after a global pandemic the likes of which we have never seen in our lifetimes.” He argues that businesses must immediately fully adapt to ecommerce channel fulfilment or they will most likely fail to survive. We were quick to celebrate the achievements of the sector, particularly in replacing the 30% of calories consumed outside the home with sales in bricks and mortar supermarkets. We were quick to celebrate that existing e-commerce infrastructure did not entirely fall apart. Yet there wasn’t enough capacity to deliver food to homes that wanted it, and in some cases needed it. There were not enough drivers and not enough vehicles, even if the right volume of food was in the system.

Supply chain news in brief

















Good news section


The Easter Bunny Is An Essential Worker, New Zealand's Ardern Says - New Zealand prime minister has clarified (link) to the nation’s children that the government considers the easter bunny and tooth fairies as essential workers and are thus able to continue doing their jobs. Ardern announced the exemption in response to rampant speculation by New Zealand's youngest citizens, who had wondered how the coronavirus crisis might affect the traditional arrival of colorful eggs, chocolates and other treats. The prime minister however warned that in some cases, the pair might not be able to provide the level of service young people have come to expect. "So I say to the children of New Zealand, if the Easter Bunny doesn't make it to your household, then we have to understand that it's a bit difficult at the moment for the bunny to perhaps get everywhere," Ardern said.
submitted by Fwoggie2 to supplychain [link] [comments]


2019.11.22 22:43 emmerrsed INFO : current waiting times for first appointments at NHS GICs (November 2019)

As it's such a frequently asked question on this board, and it's been about six months since my last pinned post on the subject, here are, as best I could track down, the current waiting times for first appointments for each of the NHS GICs, as stated by the GICs themselves, here in November 2019.
Warning: it's not a pretty picture.
(Keep in mind that referrals often take 6-8 weeks or more to be processed, which could add waiting time if a GIC decides to start the clock from when they've received your returned paperwork. Also keep in mind that AFAIK, no one's ever been prescribed hormones at a first appointment - this is just the start of a process. Wait times for second appointments can range from half the time of a first appointment wait, to nearly as long as the wait from referral to first appointment. I haven't been able to find reliable estimates for second appointment waiting times for all GICs, so haven't included them here.)
England
Scotland
Wales
Northern Ireland
tl;dr NHS gender services are even more of a dumpster fire than they were six months ago, with Daventy, the Laurels, and Charing Cross having given up providing estimates altogether. Well, isn't that just great.
Hope this helps answer some questions and set expectations.
Please comment below if you have information to share, either as someone who's just had a first appointment at one of these GICs (if so, knowing when you were referred would be helpful to those of us stuck in limbo!) or if you have a definite source with contrasting or confirmatory information.
submitted by emmerrsed to transgenderUK [link] [comments]


2019.10.19 18:47 WarDishy [FIGHT THREAD] Robbie Davies Jr. vs Lewis Ritson, Ted Cheeseman vs Scott Fitzgerald, Savannah Marshall vs Ashleigh Curry, Lawrence Osueke vs Ricky Summers, Martin Bakole vs Kevin Johnson

Date: Saturday October 19, 2019
Time: 7:00 PM BST, 2:00 PM EDT, 11:00 AM PDT
Location: Newcastle Arena, Newcastle, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom
How to watch: Sky Sports (UK), DAZN (US)

ROBBIE DAVIES JR. VS LEWIS RITSON

12 rounds

Super-Lightweight Contest

Robbie Davies Jr. vs Lewis Ritson
19-1 (13 KOs) RECORD 19-1 (12 KOs)
30 AGE 26
139.5 lbs WEIGHT 139.5 lbs
?” REACH ?
?” HEIGHT 5’10”
orthodox STANCE orthodox
Liverpool, UK HOMETOWN Newcastle, UK
4-1 (2 KOs) LAST 5 4-1 (3 KOs)
none TITLES none

TED CHEESEMAN VS SCOTT FITZGERALD

12 rounds

British Super-Welterweight Title

Ted Cheeseman vs Scott Fitzgerald
15-1-1 (9 KOs) RECORD 13-0 (9 KOs)
24 AGE 27
153.25 lbs WEIGHT 153.25
?” REACH ?
5’10” HEIGHT 5'10”
orthodox STANCE orthodox
London, UK HOMETOWN Preston, UK
3-1-1 (1 KOs) LAST 5 5-0 (3 KOs)
British TITLES none

SAVANNAH MARSHALL VS ASHLEIGH CURRY

10 x 2 minute rounds

Super-Middleweight Contest

Savannah Marshall vs Ashleigh Curry
7-0 (5 KOs) RECORD 8-12-4 (1 KOs)
28 AGE 34
165.75 lbs WEIGHT 171.25.5 lbs
?” REACH ?
5’11” HEIGHT 5'8"
orthodox STANCE orthodox
Hartlepool, UK HOMETOWN Saint Joseph, Missouri, USA
5-0 (4 KOs) LAST 5 2-3 (0 KOs)

LAWRENCE OSUEKE VS RICKY SUMMERS

10 rounds

Light-Heavyweight Contest

Lawrence Osueke vs Ricky Summers
9-0 (1 KOs) RECORD 16-2 (5 KOs)
31 AGE 32
173.5 lbs WEIGHT 173.75
?” REACH ?
? HEIGHT 6'1”
orthodox STANCE orthodox
Newcastle, UK HOMETOWN Staffordshire, UK
5-0 (1 KOs) LAST 5 3-2 (0 KOs)
none TITLES none

MARTIN BAKOLE VS KEVIN JOHNSON

8 rounds

Heavyweight Contest

Martin Bakole vs Kevin Johnson
13-1 (10 KOs) RECORD 34-15-1 (18 KOs)
27? AGE 40
264.5 lbs WEIGHT 256.25
?” REACH 82"
? HEIGHT 6'3”
orthodox STANCE orthodox
Scotland, UK HOMETOWN USA
4-1 (4 KOs) LAST 5 1-4 (1 KOs)
none TITLES none
Join our Discord server and enjoy live text and voice chat
submitted by WarDishy to Boxing [link] [comments]


2019.05.03 22:56 emmerrsed INFO : current waiting times for first appointments at NHS GICs

I put this list together earlier this week (and handed it personally to Jess Phillips, MP for Birmingham Yardley, at an event at Westminster on Tuesday, in which I and a number of other trans folks present were able to paint a vivid picture of the dismal state of LGBTQ+ healthcare to members of the Women & Equalities Committee), and thought I'd share it here as so many of us are either at the start of the referral process or waiting on a date to come through for a first appointment. Perhaps it could be stickied and updated on the first of each month, or similar?
Anyway - here are the current waiting times for first appointments for each of the NHS GICs, as of the end of April 2019. (Keep in mind that referrals often take 6-8 weeks to be processed, which could add waiting time if a GIC decides to start the clock from when they've received your returned paperwork. I'm not saying this is the case, but. edited to add Also keep in mind that AFAIK, no one's ever been prescribed hormones at a first appointment - this is just the start of a process. Wait times for second appointments can range from half the time of a first appointment wait, to nearly as long as the wait from referral to first appointment. I haven't been able to find reliable estimates for second appointment waiting times for all GICs, so haven't included them here.)
England
Scotland
Northern Ireland
Hope this helps answer some questions and set expectations...good luck to us all.
submitted by emmerrsed to transgenderUK [link] [comments]


2019.05.01 22:45 Friedmanite19 B735.2 - Local Government (Reform) Bill - DIVISION

Order! Order!

B735.2 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(7) The English Local Government Reform Act 2015 is hereby repealed
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
(6) The Local Assembly shall as part of its budget reimburse Her Majesty's Treasury for the cost of interest.
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 20189.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s 19th Government.
This Division shall end on the 4th May 2019
submitted by Friedmanite19 to MHOCMP [link] [comments]


2019.04.29 14:45 ukkthrowaway123 Reported for Flytipping in Gateshead

Hi all, this is my first time posting on Reddit, please bear with me. Hopefully someone can give me some advice regarding my situation.
So I was living in Gateshead, Tyne and Wear for six months with my girlfriend, and we moved out in February 2019. Last week, I received a letter from Gateshead Council telling me that they were investigating an offence of unauthorised deposit of waste (citing EPA 1990, Section 33 and 34), and that I was invited to attend an interview to discuss the evidence and give my version of events.
We moved out of the flat a week before our lease actually ended, as we are both now living in the southeast and couldn't be there on the actual end date of the lease. So we cleaned the flat and we left the full garbage bins in the shared back alley to be picked up by the garbage collection. The landlord charged us for removal of waste from that alley, as it appeared to them that a small amount trash had been left on the ground - I'm pretty sure it must have fallen out of the garbage bin during collection and obviously we weren't there to notice or deal with it. I'm not sure if that amount of trash is what the council is taking issue with, or if it's cause we left the bins out there for a week so the garbage could be collected in our absence. But we didn't know that would be a problem.
The letter from the council said that the interview will be conducted under 'caution in accordance with the requirements of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984' and suggests that I take legal advice prior to the interview. I've tried contacting Citizen Advice but haven't been able to get through, and I'm not sure where to go from here. I don't mind paying a fine (I'm not sure why they didn't just fine us outright in the first place) but I'm worried I'll end up with a criminal record - looks like the UK takes flytipping pretty seriously. I've got to contact the council by this Wednesday to set up an interview, so any advice would be much appreciated.
submitted by ukkthrowaway123 to LegalAdviceUK [link] [comments]


2019.04.27 22:23 Friedmanite19 B735.2 - Local Government (Reform) Bill - 3rd Reading

Order! Order!

B735.2 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(7) The English Local Government Reform Act 2015 is hereby repealed
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
(6) The Local Assembly shall as part of its budget reimburse Her Majesty's Treasury for the cost of interest.
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 20189.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s 19th Government.
This reading shall end on Friday 30h April 2019 at 10PM BST
submitted by Friedmanite19 to MHOC [link] [comments]


2019.04.17 10:31 CountBrandenburg B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - 2nd Reading

Order! Order!

B735.2 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s 19th Government.
This reading shall end on Friday 19th April 2019 at 10PM BST
submitted by CountBrandenburg to MHOC [link] [comments]


2019.04.10 03:13 ForFuckSteak Clementyne Hilts Reluctant Daughter of Beauty

Basic Info

Name: Clementyne Rose Hilts
Date of Birth: January 19th
Age: 17
Gender: Female
Godly Parent: Aphrodite
Mortal Family: Stadler Hilts (father), Loralee Hilts (Nana)

Appearance

Eye color: Brown
Hairstyle: Long blonde curls, but more often than not they are pinned into a loose bun at the nape of her neck, or half up at the back.
Height: 5’9
Weight: Enough for big thighs, not enough for big tits
Style: Forced into floral dresses and maryjanes by her Nana since she was a little girl, Tyne burned them all her first day at camp. She wears jeans, t-shirts, flannels and anything comfortable. She does not wear makeup.
Face Claim: Eliza Scanlen And another One more

Combat and Godly Information

Claimed: Yes
Powers:
Combat Armour: She wears reinforced leather armor- light for improved movement as, aside from her javelin skills, hand to hand combat is her favorite.
Weapon of Choice: A 6-foot celestial bronze-tipped dory that is disguised as a common hair pin that can always be found holding back her blonde tresses.

Additional Information

Fatal Flaw: Ambition
Personality: Being the daughter of the goddess of love does not necessarily set you up to have it, keep it or be good at it. Tyne is temperamental and driven. She is protective of those she cares for but does not care or trust easily. This does not, however, mean she is a bitch- she's polite and courteous, just as she was raised to be.
Backstory:
Tyne is the only child of First Sergeant Stadler Hilts of Dahlonega, Georgia. It was early in his military career that he was "blessed" with Clementyne, therefore she spent a fair amount of her childhood living with her Nana Lee. Under Loralee's roof, Tyne was expected to be the picture of Southern hospitality and gentleness, her beauty was paraded through social circles as her Nana's greatest accomplishment. It was archaic and with each twirl and fawning glance, Tyne resented her mother's gifts more and more.
This is precisely why she so looked forward to the time she spent with her father; when she could be something more than a pretty face and smile.
He would take her hunting, camping, riding and fishing. She would go days without having to take a proper bath or run a comb through her hair fifty times each side. She would listen to her father's stories, learn survival skills and how to defend herself. She ate what she wanted, slept when she wanted and rebelled against rules that didn't exist when she was with him.
At fifteen, the back and forth life she'd grown accustomed to changed when Loralee defied everything she'd ever said and died in her sleep at the age of 68. Tyne had been sure she would live forever.
With no where else to go, Clementyne was sent to live at Camp Half Blood, a freedom she did not expect. She thrived in battle training but struggled to form lasting friendships, as the social interactions she was raised on were stiff, at best.
Now
Having been at the camp for a year and a half now, you'd think Tyne would know better than to leave a shower to the morning. (You'd be wrong.) Half walking, half stomping, and fully awake thanks to her frigid experience, she grumpily made her way from the showers back to her cabin.
submitted by ForFuckSteak to DemigodFiles [link] [comments]


2019.04.08 21:38 Alajv3 B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - 3rd Reading DIVISION

The Question is that the Bill shall pass.
As many as are of that opinion say 'Content', and of the contrary 'Not content'.
Division! Clear the bar.

Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government
Vote "Content", "Not Content" or "Present"
Division ends 11th April. Results to be posted on the 12th
submitted by Alajv3 to MHOLVote [link] [comments]


2019.04.04 18:25 Alajv3 B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - 3rd Reading

Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government
This reading shall end on 7th April 2019.
If I have made a mistake somewhere, yell at me.
submitted by Alajv3 to MHOL [link] [comments]


2019.03.26 18:17 Alajv3 B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - Committee Reading

2nd Reading Division:
There have voted:
Content: 6
Not Content: 4
Present: 13
This Bill is now referred to a Committee of the whole House.

Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government
Amendments should be sent to Alajv3 by the 30th March
Amendments should clearly indicate what is being amended (add, change or remove) and in Reddit format. Amendments not in this form will not be accepted.
submitted by Alajv3 to MHOL [link] [comments]


2019.03.21 19:59 Alajv3 B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - 2nd Reading DIVISION

The Question is that the Bill be read a second time.
As many as are of that opinion say 'Content', and of the contrary 'Not content'.
Division! Clear the bar.

Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government
Vote "Content", "Not Content" or "Present"
Division ends 25th March. Results to be posted on the 26th
submitted by Alajv3 to MHOLVote [link] [comments]


2019.03.18 13:11 Alajv3 B735 - Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018 - 2nd Reading

Local Government (Reform) Bill 2018

A
BILL
TO
Replace all existing Local Government and Devolution in England with new elected unitary Local Assemblies based on a county or city and town level, with a singular set of powers. To make provision for the implementation of Local Assemblies exercise of powers by statutory instrument. To make provision for Local Government control of various additional taxation rates to provide further funding to Local Assemblies services. To make provision for other localised revenue source collection. To restructure the National Health Service Trust system and Police and Crime Commissioners to become subdivided by new Local Assemblies areas, accountable to those those bodies. To implement transitional arrangements for the changeover to the new local authorities system. To reform and clarify legislation for a Land Value Tax, and to devolve the setting of that tax to the National Assembly for Wales.
BE IT ENACTED by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—
PART 1
LOCAL GOVERNMENT REFORM
1 Repeal of existing Local Government statute
(1) The Local Government Act 2000 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(2) The Greater London Authority Act 1999 is hereby repealed.
(3) The Greater London Authority Act 2007 is hereby repealed.
(4) Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(5) The Local Government and Rating Act 1997 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
(6) Chapters 1 to 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 is hereby repealed wherein it extends to England.
2 Restructuring of Local Authorities
(1) A new class of elected Unitary Authority referred to as collectively as Local Assemblies shall be created.
(2) All existing Unitary Authorities and Two Tier Non-Metropolitan Counties will become Local Assemblies.
(a) Each Two Tier Non-Metropolitan County will become a single unit for the purposes of Local Assembly allocation.
(3) Wherein Metropolitan Boroughs or London Boroughs exist, they will be merged to create the following Local Assemblies
(a) Tyne and Wear;
(b) Liverpool;
(c) Manchester;
(d) Birmingham;
(e) London;
(f) Leeds;
(g) Sheffield.
(4) The boundaries of these Local Assemblies may be altered by the Electoral Commision
(a) Local Assemblies may make representations to the Electoral Commision to request the exercising of such powers.
(5) The Electoral Commision will be required to issue an initial name for each Local Assembly under the following guidelines-
(a) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a town or city, the X assembly wherein X represents is replaced with the name of the town or city.
(b) Wherein the Local Assembly represents a traditional county area, the X assembly X represents is replaced with the name of the county.
(c) Wherein the Electoral Commission believes 5(a) or (b) are not applicable or would not be suitable, they may overrule said guidelines and issue a name as per their judgement.
(d) The Local Assemblies may rename themselves by a simple majority vote of their members.
(6) The Government of the United Kingdom shall have a duty to provide adequate funding by Block Grant wherein a provision of acceptable services may reasonably be provided without undue strain on revenue generation capacity under part 3 of this act.
(7) At the implementation of this act, the Block Grant for each local authority area shall be set so as that the transition to Local Assembly status will be revenue neutral.
(8) Local Government within Wales shall not be affected by the passage of this act.
PART 2
LOCAL AUTHORITY PROVISIONS FOR THE RAISING OF REVENUE
3 Pursuant Powers of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(1) Omit Section 2(b) of the Land Value Tax Act 2014
(2) Insert in its place “2(b) There shall be two subsets of Land Value Tax type, collected as a singular unit by Local Assemblies as defined in the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018, they shall be-
(i) A national rate percentage set by either a Budgetary act or by Statutory Instrument
(ii)A local rate percentage to be set by majority vote in a Local Assembly or the National Assembly for Wales where applicable.
(3) Insert “2(c) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales are to transfer the national rate of Land Value Tax to the United Kingdom Government.”
(4) Insert “2(d) Local Assemblies and the National Assembly for Wales may retain the revenue from the local rate to expend as they see fit. The local rate shall initiate at 0%.”
4 Borrowing Powers
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the power to request borrowing for the purpose of capital expenditure or short term deficit from Her Majesty’s Treasury.
(2) In a tax year, they shall be empowered to request no more than their annual borrowing allowance, which shall be calculated as £400 per person registered as resident in the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(a) The limit may be increased by statutory instrument for this act wherein such increase applies to-
(i) All Local Assemblies within this act or-
(ii) For a single Local Assembly within a time limited extent of one year.
(3) There shall exist a total debt limit for each local authority which shall be equal to five times their annual borrowing allowance.
(a) Expenditure for purposes of the construction of housing or other projects marked as essential by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall be exempt from this total limit.
(4) The provisions in sections (2) and (3) may be increased on an individual or total basis by means of statutory instrument.
(5) Revenue raised into a surplus by the Local Assembly may be taken to lower the assigned debt under the debt limit of the Local Assembly
5 Other Measures
(1) The setting and collection of a Landfill Tax as per the Landfill Tax Regulations 1996 shall be the sole responsibility of the Local Assemblies
PART 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY MEASURES
6 Powers of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall have the following powers expressly allocated to them to the extent wherein they are not limited pursuant to other acts;
(a) The provision and oversight of education
(b) The construction of housing and control of planning regulations in accordance to the National Planning Policy Framework
(c) Mid or long term local economic or environmental planning
(d) Provision of Fire and Emergency Planning
(e) Provision of Policing and Crime policy
(f) Local transportation policy, procurement and management
(g) Provision and construction of transport infrastructure beyond provision made by the United Kingdom Parliament
(h) Provision of Health and Social Services pursuant to Section 4 of this act
(i) The provision of Libraries, and leisure and recreation services
(j) The provision of waste collection and disposal
(k) The provision of Environmental policy and Environmental health
(l) The appointment of the Executive of their corresponding NHS Foundation Trust and the appointment of their corresponding Police and Crime Commissioner.
(m) The provision of additions to existing Social Security benefits beyond the national rates.
(n) The calling of referenda on matters explicitly within their competence within this section, or subsequent acts.
(2) Wherein Local Assemblies wish to make provision pursuant to this act for exercise of their powers, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government shall transpose their provision into a statutory instrument to be applied through this act.
7 Restructuring of NHS trusts
(1) Primary Care Trusts and NHS Trusts as set out through the National Health Service 2006 shall within one year of the passage of this act become NHS Foundation Trusts.
(2) The Foundation Trusts shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one Foundation Trust shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The Executive of the Foundation Trust shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The Executive must be a sole individual registered as a medical practitioner on the General Medical Council.
(5) The Executive shall be responsible for-
(a) The provision of NHS services within the Local Assembly’s area of authority.
(b) Ensuring efficient use of resources within that area.
(c) Implementation of targets by the United Kingdom Government and the Executive of the relevant Local Assemblies.
8 Restructuring of Police and Crime Commissioners
(1) There is to be a Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for each Local Assembly.
(2) The Police and Crime Commisioner areas of authority shall be redrawn to match the Local Assemblies, in which exactly one PCC shall exist within each Local Assembly Area
(3) The PCC shall be appointed by majority vote in the Assembly to which their geographic area corresponds.
(4) The PCC shall be responsible for-
(a) The maintenance of the Police Force within their area of authority;
(b) The efficient use of resources within said Police Force;
(c) the exercise of the duty under section 8(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to police and crime plan);
(d) the exercise of the duty under section 37A(2) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to strategic policing requirement);
(e) the exercise of the duty under section 39A(7) of the Police Act 1996 (duty to have regard to codes of practice issued by Secretary of State);
(f) arrangements under section 34 of the Police Act 1996 (engagement with local people);
(g) compliance with section 35 of the Police Act 1996 (value for money);
(h) the exercise of duties in relation to the safeguarding of children and the promotion of child welfare that are imposed by sections 10 and 11 of the Children Act 2004.
(5) In order to be eligible for appointment by local assemblies, the PCC must—
(a) Currently be serving in the police force; or,
(b) So long as the candidate has been serving for longer than 10 years. Have previously served in the police force for over 10 years.
9 Operation of Local Assemblies
(1) Local Assemblies shall function on an Additional Member System for their elections.
(2) The date for elections for Local Assemblies shall be assigned by the Electoral Commision.
(3) The Local Assemblies shall be elected for a term of at most 5 years, as set out by the Electoral Commision.
(a) The Local Assemblies may by majority vote call for an early election, subject to approval by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(4) Local Assemblies shall elect a Mayor by majority vote in the Assembly.
(5) The Mayor shall be responsible for forming a cabinet to assist in the exercise of the Assembly’s powers.
(6) The Mayor shall have the sole right to propose legislation to the Assembly for means of setting a budget or the altering of revenue raising, except wherein the legislation solely exercises borrowing powers.
10 Transitional Arrangements
(1) New powers made available pursuant to this act shall not come into force for a given Local Government Authority until they are officially transitioned to a Local Assembly by the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.
(2) At the period outlined in (1), an election shall be held for the new reformed Local Assemblies and the previous Local Government provision shall be dissolved.
(3) Powers given to Local Government Authorities existing prior to this act shall not be altered by the passing of this act until their transition in line with (1).
PART 4
COMMENCEMENT, EXTENT AND SHORT TITLE
11 Commencement
(1) This act shall come into force six months after Royal Assent
12 Extent
(1) This Act shall extend to England and Wales.
13 Short Title
(1) This Act shall be known as the Local Government Reform (England) Act 2018.
This bill was written by the Right Honourable Earl of Berwick upon Tweed, Twistednuke CT MBE OM PC MP for Northumbria, Minister of State for Housing and Local Government, co-authored by the Right Honourable Earl of Avon Ctrlaltlama KP OM CT GBE PC with assistance from the Right Honourable Baron of Worth Matravers PC, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Justice, Lord High Chancellor of England and Wales, Her Majesty’s Attorney General for England and Wales. Co-sponsored by the Right Honourable Electrum PC MP for Scotland, Her Majesty’s Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government. Submitted on behalf of Her Majesty’s Government
This reading shall end on 20th March 2019.
submitted by Alajv3 to MHOL [link] [comments]